OCCUPATIONAL CANCER SURVEILLANCE: NEW APPROACHES

  • Swanson, G., (PI)

    Project: Research project

    Description

    There is no occupational cancer incidence surveillance system in the United
    States today which provides population-based monitoring for a defined
    geographic area and across a wide variety of occupations. The proposed
    study has two long-term objectives: 1 - to perform continuing surveillance
    for cancer hazards in the workplace in a cost-effective manner and 2 - to
    reduce cancer morbidity and mortality among employment groups found to have
    increased risks associated with their work. Specific aims of the project
    are to develop and evaluate an occupational cancer monitoring system in
    terms of its ability to: 1 - be cost effective, 2 - provide useful data
    for both commonly occurring and rare cancers, 3 - provide data regarding
    possible occupational cancer hazards of blacks and women, 4 - evaluate
    smoking histories, and 5 - implement an ongoing system. New leads
    regarding the occupational etiology of cancer will be produced. The purposed system will complement the Metropolitan Detroit Cancer
    Surveillance System (MDCSS), which is a participant in NCI's SEER program.
    Occupational histories and related information will be obtained by
    telephone interview. A total of approximately 13,569 interviews with newly
    diagnosed cancers of the lung and bronchus, colon and rectum, urinary
    bladder, and esophagus are projected to be interviewed during the course of
    the study. Cases selected for the study will include all newly diagnosed
    cases of the specified sites in the age category 40 to 84. New leads about occupational risks associated with cancer incidence are
    expected from the proposed study, particularly for women and blacks. These
    leads will be immediately disseminated to local public health officials,
    NIOSH, and appropriate groups of workers and industries. Analytic
    investigation suggested by study results will follow immediately as well.
    Thus, the proposed system will provide both descriptive data and immediate
    translation into occupational health interventions and analytic studies as
    warranted. Finally, monitoring occupation in terms of cancer incidence
    will permit earlier detection of potential hazards than could be achieved
    by mortality studies.
    StatusFinished
    Effective start/end date9/28/849/29/94

    Funding

    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Institutes of Health

    Fingerprint

    Neoplasms
    Interviews
    Occupations
    Bronchi
    SEER Program
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.)
    Workplace
    Costs and Cost Analysis
    Esophagus
    Mortality
    Lung Neoplasms
    Industry
    Colon
    Incidence
    Occupational Health
    Rectal Neoplasms
    Population
    Public Health
    Tobacco Products
    Morbidity

    Keywords

    • Medicine(all)