Chromatin mechanism of molecular motor gene regulation

  • Chang, Ching-Pin, (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Pathological stress induces transcriptional gene reprogramming in the heart muscle, leading to myopathy and heart failure. However, little is known about how the pathological stress triggers the restructuring of chromatin to control myopathic gene expression. This research program focuses on how different chromatin-regulating factors act in concert to establish a repressive chromatin environment to control the expression of alpha-myosin heavy chain (¿-MHC), a molecular motor gene whose repression in the stressed hearts contributes to myopathy and heart failure. Four different chromatin regulators-chromatin remodeler, histone methyltransferase, histone deacetylase and DNA methyltransferase-will be examined for their collaborative repression of ¿-MHC. Because chemical inhibitors are available to inhibit these chromatin factors, it is possible to develop drus to boost ¿- MHC in the failing heart to improve cardiac function. Understanding how these chromatin factors (drug targets) interact will help us design new drugs and understand the synergy/dynamics of potential drugs that inhibit different classes of chromatin regulators. Aim 1: Defining specific isoforms of DNA methyltransferase required for ¿-MHC repression and heart failure. We will knock out DNA methyltransferase isoforms in the heart muscle of mice and examine the effects on ¿-MHC repression in the stressed heart and on the progression of heart failure. Aim 2: Determine how chromatin remodeler integrates histone and DNA methyltransferases to silence ¿-MHC. We will use animal models, surgical method, and various molecular biology methods (chromatin immunoprecipitation and quantitative PCR) to define the interactions between these chromatin factors crucial for the histone and DNA methylation of ¿-MHC. Aim 3: Defining how histone deacetylase coordinates with histone and DNA methyltransferases to repress ¿-MHC promoter. We will use animal models, surgical methods, and various molecular biology methods (chromatin immunoprecipitation, quantitative PCR, and co-immunoprecipitation) to define the interactions between these chromatin factors that are essential for histone methylation and acetylation, as well as DNA methylation of ¿-MHC promoter.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date6/1/135/31/17

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $382,200.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $390,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $384,150.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $371,280.00

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Chromatin
Genes
Methyltransferases
Heart Failure
DNA
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
Muscular Diseases
DNA Methylation
Histones
Molecular Biology
Myocardium
Protein Isoforms
Animal Models
Ventricular Myosins
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Histone Deacetylases
Myosin Heavy Chains
Drug Design
Acetylation
Immunoprecipitation

Keywords

  • Medicine(all)