Clinical Research on Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis

Project: Research project

Description

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a chronic liver disease that occurs in individuals without significant alcohol consumption and histologically it resembles alcoholic liver disease with macorvesicular steatosis, spotty necrosis, inflammation, Mallory bodies, and fibrosis. It is increasingly being recognized as a predominant type of chronic liver disease in the United States; however, its prevalence, pathogenesis, and natural history have not been adequately studied. In order to better understand the epidemiology and pathogenesis and to identify optimal therapy for NASH, we propose to conduct NASH-related clinical research in the following specific aims: Specific Aim 1: The objective is to create a database of patients with fatty liver and NASH that will enable us to perform multi-disciplinary and multi-centered studies on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and therapy of NASH. The subgroups of patients included in this database are adults with fatty liver and NASH, women with polycystic ovary syndrome, and appropriately matched controls. The cohort will be characterized clinically, anthropometrically, through laboratory tests, and histologically. A repository containing liver tissue, blood samples, and DNA from subjects with disease and controls will be developed; Specific Aim 2: The overall goal of this specific aim is to derive and validate risk equations that measure and stratify the risk for advanced histology in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. To this end, we will conduct a multi-center, nested case-control study of patients with simple fatty-liver, non-cirrhotic NASH, and cirrhotic NASH to identify risk factors for advanced histology; Specific Aim 3: We hypothesize that insulin resistance is pivotal in the pathogenesis of NASH and measures that improve insulin resistance would lead to an improvement in liver histology in non-diabetic NASH. Here, we propose to conduct a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of moderate weight reduction with or without metformin for 12- months. The primary end-point is the change in liver histology measured by comparing biopsy findings at baseline at the end of 12-months. The primary end-point is the change in liver histology measured by comparing biopsy findings at baseline and at the end of 12-month treatment period. The secondary end-points are changes in insulin resistance, lipid peroxidation, determination of oxidative stress, anthropometric measurements, liver biochemistry, and the measures of quality of life.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date5/20/026/30/19

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $98,702.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $623,614.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $673,614.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $425,922.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $320,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $628,215.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $126,260.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $217,662.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $576,031.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $268,137.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $299,360.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $392,240.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $44,635.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $106,316.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $271,637.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $174,712.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $206,348.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $583,895.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $59,217.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $144,236.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $243,743.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $144,778.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $199,275.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $320,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $46,088.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $45,975.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $163,837.00

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Research
Fatty Liver
Natural History
Databases
Histology
Liver
Proteomics
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (U.S.)
Therapeutics
Alcoholic Fatty Liver
Insulin Resistance
Biopsy
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Fibrosis
Decision Support Techniques
Genome-Wide Association Study
Observational Studies
Longitudinal Studies
Liver Diseases
Epidemiology

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)