We applied RT-QuIC assay to detect α-synuclein aggregates in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with suspected Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease who had a neuropathological diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) (n = 7), other neurodegenerative diseases with α-synuclein mixed pathology (n = 20), or without Lewy-related pathology (n = 49). The test had a sensitivity of 92.9% and specificity of 95.9% in distinguishing α-synucleinopathies from non-α-synucleinopathies. When performed in the CSF of patients with DLB (n = 36), RT-QuIC was positive in 17/20 with probable DLB, 0/6 with possible DLB, and 0/10 with Alzheimer disease. These results indicate that RT-QuIC for α-synuclein is an accurate test for DLB diagnosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology