The prognosis for intellectual development in children with symptomatic infantile spasms is usually poor. We report a 9-year-old boy with a history of a large, presumed perinatal, left middle cerebral artery infarct discovered when he developed infantile spasms at 6 months of age. The infantile spasms responded to treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone. He attained cognitive milestones at normal times, requiring only speech therapy for dysarthric speech. At 9 years of age, he has seizures and a severe right hemiparesis but is an articulate honor roll student in advanced English classes. The development of infantile spasms after large-branch middle cerebral artery stroke does not always predict future mental retardation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology