A carvedilol-responsive microRNA, miR-125b-5p protects the heart from acute myocardial infarction by repressing pro-apoptotic bak1 and klf13 in cardiomyocytes

Ahmed S. Bayoumi, Kyoung mi Park, Yongchao Wang, Jian peng Teoh, Tatsuya Aonuma, Yaoliang Tang, Huabo Su, Neal L. Weintraub, Il man Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Cardiac injury is accompanied by dynamic changes in the expression of microRNAs (miRs), small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate target genes. MiR-125b-5p is downregulated in patients with end-stage dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathy, and has been proposed as a biomarker of heart failure. We previously reported that the β-blocker carvedilol promotes cardioprotection via β-arrestin-biased agonism of β1-adrenergic receptor while stimulating miR-125b-5p processing in the mouse heart. We hypothesize that β1-adrenergic receptor/β-arrestin1-responsive miR-125b-5p confers the improvement of cardiac function and structure after acute myocardial infarction. Methods and results Using cultured cardiomyocyte (CM) and in vivo approaches, we show that miR-125b-5p is an ischemic stress-responsive protector against CM apoptosis. CMs lacking miR-125b-5p exhibit increased susceptibility to stress-induced apoptosis, while CMs overexpressing miR-125b-5p have increased phospho-AKT pro-survival signaling. Moreover, we demonstrate that loss-of-function of miR-125b-5p in the mouse heart causes abnormalities in cardiac structure and function after acute myocardial infarction. Mechanistically, the improvement of cardiac function and structure elicited by miR-125b-5p is in part attributed to repression of the pro-apoptotic genes Bak1 and Klf13 in CMs. Conclusions In conclusion, these findings reveal a pivotal role for miR-125b-5p in regulating CM survival during acute myocardial infarction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-82
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

MicroRNAs
Cardiac Myocytes
Myocardial Infarction
Adrenergic Receptors
Apoptosis
Arrestin
Small Untranslated RNA
Congenital Heart Defects
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Genes
Down-Regulation
Heart Failure
Biomarkers
Survival
Wounds and Injuries
carvedilol

Keywords

  • Apoptotic genes
  • Biased G protein-coupled receptor signaling
  • Cardioprotection
  • MicroRNAs
  • β-arrestin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

A carvedilol-responsive microRNA, miR-125b-5p protects the heart from acute myocardial infarction by repressing pro-apoptotic bak1 and klf13 in cardiomyocytes. / Bayoumi, Ahmed S.; Park, Kyoung mi; Wang, Yongchao; Teoh, Jian peng; Aonuma, Tatsuya; Tang, Yaoliang; Su, Huabo; Weintraub, Neal L.; Kim, Il man.

In: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, Vol. 114, 01.2018, p. 72-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bayoumi, Ahmed S. ; Park, Kyoung mi ; Wang, Yongchao ; Teoh, Jian peng ; Aonuma, Tatsuya ; Tang, Yaoliang ; Su, Huabo ; Weintraub, Neal L. ; Kim, Il man. / A carvedilol-responsive microRNA, miR-125b-5p protects the heart from acute myocardial infarction by repressing pro-apoptotic bak1 and klf13 in cardiomyocytes. In: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology. 2018 ; Vol. 114. pp. 72-82.
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abstract = "Background Cardiac injury is accompanied by dynamic changes in the expression of microRNAs (miRs), small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate target genes. MiR-125b-5p is downregulated in patients with end-stage dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathy, and has been proposed as a biomarker of heart failure. We previously reported that the β-blocker carvedilol promotes cardioprotection via β-arrestin-biased agonism of β1-adrenergic receptor while stimulating miR-125b-5p processing in the mouse heart. We hypothesize that β1-adrenergic receptor/β-arrestin1-responsive miR-125b-5p confers the improvement of cardiac function and structure after acute myocardial infarction. Methods and results Using cultured cardiomyocyte (CM) and in vivo approaches, we show that miR-125b-5p is an ischemic stress-responsive protector against CM apoptosis. CMs lacking miR-125b-5p exhibit increased susceptibility to stress-induced apoptosis, while CMs overexpressing miR-125b-5p have increased phospho-AKT pro-survival signaling. Moreover, we demonstrate that loss-of-function of miR-125b-5p in the mouse heart causes abnormalities in cardiac structure and function after acute myocardial infarction. Mechanistically, the improvement of cardiac function and structure elicited by miR-125b-5p is in part attributed to repression of the pro-apoptotic genes Bak1 and Klf13 in CMs. Conclusions In conclusion, these findings reveal a pivotal role for miR-125b-5p in regulating CM survival during acute myocardial infarction.",
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T1 - A carvedilol-responsive microRNA, miR-125b-5p protects the heart from acute myocardial infarction by repressing pro-apoptotic bak1 and klf13 in cardiomyocytes

AU - Bayoumi, Ahmed S.

AU - Park, Kyoung mi

AU - Wang, Yongchao

AU - Teoh, Jian peng

AU - Aonuma, Tatsuya

AU - Tang, Yaoliang

AU - Su, Huabo

AU - Weintraub, Neal L.

AU - Kim, Il man

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - Background Cardiac injury is accompanied by dynamic changes in the expression of microRNAs (miRs), small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate target genes. MiR-125b-5p is downregulated in patients with end-stage dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathy, and has been proposed as a biomarker of heart failure. We previously reported that the β-blocker carvedilol promotes cardioprotection via β-arrestin-biased agonism of β1-adrenergic receptor while stimulating miR-125b-5p processing in the mouse heart. We hypothesize that β1-adrenergic receptor/β-arrestin1-responsive miR-125b-5p confers the improvement of cardiac function and structure after acute myocardial infarction. Methods and results Using cultured cardiomyocyte (CM) and in vivo approaches, we show that miR-125b-5p is an ischemic stress-responsive protector against CM apoptosis. CMs lacking miR-125b-5p exhibit increased susceptibility to stress-induced apoptosis, while CMs overexpressing miR-125b-5p have increased phospho-AKT pro-survival signaling. Moreover, we demonstrate that loss-of-function of miR-125b-5p in the mouse heart causes abnormalities in cardiac structure and function after acute myocardial infarction. Mechanistically, the improvement of cardiac function and structure elicited by miR-125b-5p is in part attributed to repression of the pro-apoptotic genes Bak1 and Klf13 in CMs. Conclusions In conclusion, these findings reveal a pivotal role for miR-125b-5p in regulating CM survival during acute myocardial infarction.

AB - Background Cardiac injury is accompanied by dynamic changes in the expression of microRNAs (miRs), small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate target genes. MiR-125b-5p is downregulated in patients with end-stage dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathy, and has been proposed as a biomarker of heart failure. We previously reported that the β-blocker carvedilol promotes cardioprotection via β-arrestin-biased agonism of β1-adrenergic receptor while stimulating miR-125b-5p processing in the mouse heart. We hypothesize that β1-adrenergic receptor/β-arrestin1-responsive miR-125b-5p confers the improvement of cardiac function and structure after acute myocardial infarction. Methods and results Using cultured cardiomyocyte (CM) and in vivo approaches, we show that miR-125b-5p is an ischemic stress-responsive protector against CM apoptosis. CMs lacking miR-125b-5p exhibit increased susceptibility to stress-induced apoptosis, while CMs overexpressing miR-125b-5p have increased phospho-AKT pro-survival signaling. Moreover, we demonstrate that loss-of-function of miR-125b-5p in the mouse heart causes abnormalities in cardiac structure and function after acute myocardial infarction. Mechanistically, the improvement of cardiac function and structure elicited by miR-125b-5p is in part attributed to repression of the pro-apoptotic genes Bak1 and Klf13 in CMs. Conclusions In conclusion, these findings reveal a pivotal role for miR-125b-5p in regulating CM survival during acute myocardial infarction.

KW - Apoptotic genes

KW - Biased G protein-coupled receptor signaling

KW - Cardioprotection

KW - MicroRNAs

KW - β-arrestin

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