A comparative study of the ReCell® device and autologous split-thickness meshed skin graft in the treatment of acute burn injuries

James Hill Holmes, Joseph A. Molnar, Jeffrey E. Carter, James Hwang, Bruce A. Cairns, Booker T. King, David J. Smith, C. Wayne Cruse, Kevin N. Foster, Michael D. Peck, Rajiv Sood, Michael J. Feldman, Marion H. Jordan, David W. Mozingo, David G. Greenhalgh, Tina L. Palmieri, John A. Griswold, Sharmila Dissanaike, William L. Hickerson

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early excision and autografting are standard care for deeper burns. However, donor sites are a source of significant morbidity. To address this, the ReCell® Autologous Cell Harvesting Device (ReCell) was designed for use at the point-of-care to prepare a noncultured, autologous skin cell suspension (ASCS) capable of epidermal regeneration using minimal donor skin. A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the clinical performance of ReCell vs meshed split-thickness skin grafts (STSG, Control) for the treatment of deep partial-thickness burns. Effectiveness measures were assessed to 1 year for both ASCS and Control treatment sites and donor sites, including the incidence of healing, scarring, and pain. at 4 weeks, 98% of the ASCS-treated sites were healed compared with 100% of the Controls. Pain and assessments of scarring at the treatment sites were reported to be similar between groups. Significant differences were observed between ReCell and Control donor sites. The mean ReCell donor area was approximately 40 times smaller than that of the Control (P < .0001), and after 1 week, significantly more ReCell donor sites were healed than Controls (P = .04). Over the first 16 weeks, patients reported significantly less pain at the ReCell donor sites compared with Controls (P ≤ .05 at each time point). Long-term patients reported higher satisfaction with ReCell donor site outcomes compared with the Controls. This study provides evidence that the treatment of deep partial-thickness burns with ASCS results in comparable healing, with significantly reduced donor site size and pain and improved appearance relative to STSG. (J Burn Care Res 2018;39:694–702)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)694-702
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Holmes, J. H., Molnar, J. A., Carter, J. E., Hwang, J., Cairns, B. A., King, B. T., Smith, D. J., Wayne Cruse, C., Foster, K. N., Peck, M. D., Sood, R., Feldman, M. J., Jordan, M. H., Mozingo, D. W., Greenhalgh, D. G., Palmieri, T. L., Griswold, J. A., Dissanaike, S., & Hickerson, W. L. (2018). A comparative study of the ReCell® device and autologous split-thickness meshed skin graft in the treatment of acute burn injuries. Journal of Burn Care and Research, 39(5), 694-702. https://doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iry029