A comparison of alcohol-induced and independent depression in alcoholics with histories of suicide attempts

U. W. Preuss, M. A. Schuckit, T. L. Smith, G. P. Danko, A. C. Dasher, M. N. Hesselbrock, V. M. Hesselbrock, John Nurnberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Alcohol-dependent men and women are at high risk for two types of major depressive episodes and for suicide attempts. The aim of this study is to compare the characteristics of two groups: (I) alcohol-dependent subjects with histories of suicide attempts and independent mood disorders and (2) a similar population of alcoholics with histories of self harm but who have only experienced alcohol-induced depressions. Method: As part of the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA), semistructured detailed interviews were administered to 371 alcohol-dependent individuals (62% women) with histories of suicide attempts and major mood disorders. Of the total, 145 (39.1%) had ever had an independent depressive episode and 226 (60.9%) had experienced only alcohol-induced depressions. Information was obtained about socioeconomic characteristics, suicidal behavior, independent and induced psychiatric conditions, and aspects of alcohol dependence. Results: Univariate and multivariate comparisons revealed that alcohol-dependent individuals with a history of suicide attempts and independent depression had a higher number of suicide attempts, were less likely to have been drinking during their most severe attempt, and were more likely to have an independent panic disorder. Univariate analyses indicated that these subjects reported a less severe history of alcohol dependence. Conclusions: The results indicate that a distinction between independent and alcohol-induced mood disorders in alcoholics with a history of suicide attempts may be useful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-502
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol
Volume63
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

suicide attempt
Alcoholics
alcoholism
Suicide
alcohol
Alcohols
Depression
Mood Disorders
Alcoholism
mood
Alcohol-Induced Disorders
Panic Disorder
Drinking
Psychiatry
Interviews
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Preuss, U. W., Schuckit, M. A., Smith, T. L., Danko, G. P., Dasher, A. C., Hesselbrock, M. N., ... Nurnberger, J. (2002). A comparison of alcohol-induced and independent depression in alcoholics with histories of suicide attempts. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(4), 498-502.

A comparison of alcohol-induced and independent depression in alcoholics with histories of suicide attempts. / Preuss, U. W.; Schuckit, M. A.; Smith, T. L.; Danko, G. P.; Dasher, A. C.; Hesselbrock, M. N.; Hesselbrock, V. M.; Nurnberger, John.

In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Vol. 63, No. 4, 2002, p. 498-502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Preuss, UW, Schuckit, MA, Smith, TL, Danko, GP, Dasher, AC, Hesselbrock, MN, Hesselbrock, VM & Nurnberger, J 2002, 'A comparison of alcohol-induced and independent depression in alcoholics with histories of suicide attempts', Journal of Studies on Alcohol, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 498-502.
Preuss UW, Schuckit MA, Smith TL, Danko GP, Dasher AC, Hesselbrock MN et al. A comparison of alcohol-induced and independent depression in alcoholics with histories of suicide attempts. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 2002;63(4):498-502.
Preuss, U. W. ; Schuckit, M. A. ; Smith, T. L. ; Danko, G. P. ; Dasher, A. C. ; Hesselbrock, M. N. ; Hesselbrock, V. M. ; Nurnberger, John. / A comparison of alcohol-induced and independent depression in alcoholics with histories of suicide attempts. In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 2002 ; Vol. 63, No. 4. pp. 498-502.
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