A comparison of the teaching effectiveness of the didactic lecture and the problem-oriented small group session

A prospective study

Gary Dunnington, D. Witzke, R. Rubeck, A. Beck, J. Mohr, C. Putnam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A prospective study was designed to assess the teaching effectiveness of active learning in problem-oriented small group sessions (POSGS) compared with passive learning in didactic lectures (DL). Third-year medical students participated in a POSGS on breast disease and a standardized DL on thyroid disease (N = 23) or participated in a POSGS on thyroid disease and a DL on breast disease (N = 19). Students were tested with a multiple-choice examination (MCQ) and a highly structured oral examination (OE) administered by faculty members blinded about student group. Results of a between-within analysis of variance performed separately for breast and thyroid disease yielded significant group differences because of instructional method for thyroid disease (p = 0.003) and approached significance for breast disease (p = 0.095). Although no significant interactions were detected with percentage scores, a significant interaction between group membership and test type was noted for thyroid disease when the percentage scores were transformed to Z scores. We conclude that regardless of topic or testing method, students in POSGS tended to perform better than students in a DL and that the POSGS offers significant advantages over the DL in teaching surgery to third-year medical students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-296
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery
Volume102
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Thyroid Diseases
Breast Diseases
Teaching
Prospective Studies
Students
Medical Students
Oral Diagnosis
Problem-Based Learning
Analysis of Variance
Learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

A comparison of the teaching effectiveness of the didactic lecture and the problem-oriented small group session : A prospective study. / Dunnington, Gary; Witzke, D.; Rubeck, R.; Beck, A.; Mohr, J.; Putnam, C.

In: Surgery, Vol. 102, No. 2, 1987, p. 291-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dunnington, Gary ; Witzke, D. ; Rubeck, R. ; Beck, A. ; Mohr, J. ; Putnam, C. / A comparison of the teaching effectiveness of the didactic lecture and the problem-oriented small group session : A prospective study. In: Surgery. 1987 ; Vol. 102, No. 2. pp. 291-296.
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