A copula model for repeated measurements with non-ignorable non-monotone missing outcome

Changyu Shen, Lisa Weissfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


A normal copula-based selection model is proposed for continuous longitudinal data with a non-ignorable non-monotone missing-data process. The normal copula is used to combine the distribution of the outcome of interest and that of the missing-data indicators given the covariates. Parameters in the model are estimated by a pseudo-likelihood method. We first use the GEE with a logistic link to estimate the parameters associated with the marginal distribution of the missing-data indicator given the covariates, assuming that covariates are always observed. Then we estimate other parameters by inserting the estimates from the first step into the full likelihood function. A simulation study is conducted to assess the robustness of the assumed model under different missing-data processes. The proposed method is then applied to one example from a community cohort study to demonstrate its capability to reduce bias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2427-2440
Number of pages14
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 30 2006


  • Copula
  • Missing data
  • Mixed-effects model
  • Non-ignorable
  • Non-monotone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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