A cross-sectional survey of the relationship between partner deployment and stress in pregnancy during wartime

David Haas, Lisa A. Pazdernik, Cara H. Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine if having a partner deployed during wartime increased the stress levels in pregnant women and altered their attitudes toward pregnancy. Methods: We administered a cross-sectional survey of all military and civilian women attending the antenatal clinic at Naval Hospital Camp Lejeune. We collected the anonymous surveys in May 2003. The survey measured demographics, self-reported stress level, and other attitudes toward the pregnancy and deployment; blood pressure was recorded. Data were compared by partner deployment status and reported stress levels using chi-square, t-tests, and logistic regression analysis. Results: Two hundred seventy-nine surveys were returned, representing 93.3% of those distributed. An almost equal number of patients had a partner deployed as nondeployed (49.1% versus 50.9%). Women with deployed partners were older, more had children at home, more often reported both significantly higher stress levels and a severe impact of the deployment on their stress, had a lower systolic blood pressure, more often reported changed eating habits, and reported that media coverage of the war worsened their stress than those whose partners were not deployed. Logistic regression analysis of stress found that partner deployment, having more than one child at home, and being active-duty were associated with reporting higher stress levels (odds ratio [OR] = 2.27, p = .013; OR = 3.11, p = .042; and OR = 4.03, p = .01, respectively). Conclusions: Pregnant women with deployed partners and those with more than one child already at home report higher stress levels than their peers with partners present. Increased stress in pregnant women with deployed partners may lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Further study is warranted to assess the impact of deployment on pregnancy and family life to better support homeland pregnant partners of deployed military members during wartime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalWomen's Health Issues
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

partner relationship
pregnancy
Pregnant Women
Cross-Sectional Studies
Odds Ratio
Blood Pressure
Pregnancy
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Feeding Behavior
Chi-Square Distribution
Pregnancy Outcome
Demography
regression analysis
logistics
Military
eating habits
Homelands
Surveys and Questionnaires
coverage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

A cross-sectional survey of the relationship between partner deployment and stress in pregnancy during wartime. / Haas, David; Pazdernik, Lisa A.; Olsen, Cara H.

In: Women's Health Issues, Vol. 15, No. 2, 03.2005, p. 48-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{97dfc78b1b9b4593bf4ea7072549fd92,
title = "A cross-sectional survey of the relationship between partner deployment and stress in pregnancy during wartime",
abstract = "Objective: The objective of this study was to determine if having a partner deployed during wartime increased the stress levels in pregnant women and altered their attitudes toward pregnancy. Methods: We administered a cross-sectional survey of all military and civilian women attending the antenatal clinic at Naval Hospital Camp Lejeune. We collected the anonymous surveys in May 2003. The survey measured demographics, self-reported stress level, and other attitudes toward the pregnancy and deployment; blood pressure was recorded. Data were compared by partner deployment status and reported stress levels using chi-square, t-tests, and logistic regression analysis. Results: Two hundred seventy-nine surveys were returned, representing 93.3{\%} of those distributed. An almost equal number of patients had a partner deployed as nondeployed (49.1{\%} versus 50.9{\%}). Women with deployed partners were older, more had children at home, more often reported both significantly higher stress levels and a severe impact of the deployment on their stress, had a lower systolic blood pressure, more often reported changed eating habits, and reported that media coverage of the war worsened their stress than those whose partners were not deployed. Logistic regression analysis of stress found that partner deployment, having more than one child at home, and being active-duty were associated with reporting higher stress levels (odds ratio [OR] = 2.27, p = .013; OR = 3.11, p = .042; and OR = 4.03, p = .01, respectively). Conclusions: Pregnant women with deployed partners and those with more than one child already at home report higher stress levels than their peers with partners present. Increased stress in pregnant women with deployed partners may lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Further study is warranted to assess the impact of deployment on pregnancy and family life to better support homeland pregnant partners of deployed military members during wartime.",
author = "David Haas and Pazdernik, {Lisa A.} and Olsen, {Cara H.}",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.whi.2004.12.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "48--54",
journal = "Women's Health Issues",
issn = "1049-3867",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A cross-sectional survey of the relationship between partner deployment and stress in pregnancy during wartime

AU - Haas, David

AU - Pazdernik, Lisa A.

AU - Olsen, Cara H.

PY - 2005/3

Y1 - 2005/3

N2 - Objective: The objective of this study was to determine if having a partner deployed during wartime increased the stress levels in pregnant women and altered their attitudes toward pregnancy. Methods: We administered a cross-sectional survey of all military and civilian women attending the antenatal clinic at Naval Hospital Camp Lejeune. We collected the anonymous surveys in May 2003. The survey measured demographics, self-reported stress level, and other attitudes toward the pregnancy and deployment; blood pressure was recorded. Data were compared by partner deployment status and reported stress levels using chi-square, t-tests, and logistic regression analysis. Results: Two hundred seventy-nine surveys were returned, representing 93.3% of those distributed. An almost equal number of patients had a partner deployed as nondeployed (49.1% versus 50.9%). Women with deployed partners were older, more had children at home, more often reported both significantly higher stress levels and a severe impact of the deployment on their stress, had a lower systolic blood pressure, more often reported changed eating habits, and reported that media coverage of the war worsened their stress than those whose partners were not deployed. Logistic regression analysis of stress found that partner deployment, having more than one child at home, and being active-duty were associated with reporting higher stress levels (odds ratio [OR] = 2.27, p = .013; OR = 3.11, p = .042; and OR = 4.03, p = .01, respectively). Conclusions: Pregnant women with deployed partners and those with more than one child already at home report higher stress levels than their peers with partners present. Increased stress in pregnant women with deployed partners may lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Further study is warranted to assess the impact of deployment on pregnancy and family life to better support homeland pregnant partners of deployed military members during wartime.

AB - Objective: The objective of this study was to determine if having a partner deployed during wartime increased the stress levels in pregnant women and altered their attitudes toward pregnancy. Methods: We administered a cross-sectional survey of all military and civilian women attending the antenatal clinic at Naval Hospital Camp Lejeune. We collected the anonymous surveys in May 2003. The survey measured demographics, self-reported stress level, and other attitudes toward the pregnancy and deployment; blood pressure was recorded. Data were compared by partner deployment status and reported stress levels using chi-square, t-tests, and logistic regression analysis. Results: Two hundred seventy-nine surveys were returned, representing 93.3% of those distributed. An almost equal number of patients had a partner deployed as nondeployed (49.1% versus 50.9%). Women with deployed partners were older, more had children at home, more often reported both significantly higher stress levels and a severe impact of the deployment on their stress, had a lower systolic blood pressure, more often reported changed eating habits, and reported that media coverage of the war worsened their stress than those whose partners were not deployed. Logistic regression analysis of stress found that partner deployment, having more than one child at home, and being active-duty were associated with reporting higher stress levels (odds ratio [OR] = 2.27, p = .013; OR = 3.11, p = .042; and OR = 4.03, p = .01, respectively). Conclusions: Pregnant women with deployed partners and those with more than one child already at home report higher stress levels than their peers with partners present. Increased stress in pregnant women with deployed partners may lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Further study is warranted to assess the impact of deployment on pregnancy and family life to better support homeland pregnant partners of deployed military members during wartime.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=14844360353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=14844360353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.whi.2004.12.002

DO - 10.1016/j.whi.2004.12.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 15767194

AN - SCOPUS:14844360353

VL - 15

SP - 48

EP - 54

JO - Women's Health Issues

JF - Women's Health Issues

SN - 1049-3867

IS - 2

ER -