Optimal isoelectric focusing in the alkaline region remains a challenge in two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), though various attempts had been made to reduce basic end streaking. The present study reports the application of a novel reduction and alkylation step prior to 2-DE analysis using tris(2-carboxyethyl)-phosphine hydrochloride as a reducing agent and vinylpyridine as an alkylating agent. This simple sample preparation approach effectively eliminates basic end streaks, thereby enabling the analysis and identification of more protein spots resolved by 2-DE.
- Reduction and alkylation
- Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology