A double-masked randomized trial of postoperative local anesthetic for pain control in pediatric strabismus surgery

Laura B. Enyedi, David K. Wallace, Guy de L Dear

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Purpose To determine to what extent local anesthetic reduces postoperative pain after pediatric strabismus surgery. Methods In this double-masked, randomized clinical trial of 50 children 13-91 months of age undergoing strabismus surgery, subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatments given at the conclusion of surgery: topical lidocaine gel and sub-Tenon's (balanced salt solution) placebo (n = 16), topical placebo (hypromellose) and sub-Tenon's bupivacaine 0.75% (n = 17), or topical and sub-Tenon's placebo (n = 17). Pain was otherwise managed systemically in the usual fashion by the masked anesthesia team and assessed at regular postoperative intervals by a masked observer using an objective, validated pain scale. Results Average pain in the first 30 minutes was 6.57, 6.36, and 6.58 in the lidocaine, bupivacaine, and placebo groups, respectively, and was significantly lower (P = 0.016) for bupivacaine vs placebo. The bupivacaine group had significantly lower scores for pain after 30 minutes, total pain, and peak pain versus the lidocaine group. Conclusions Sub-Tenon's bupivacaine may reduce postoperative pain in children undergoing strabismus surgery.[Figure presented]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-111
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of AAPOS
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2017


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology

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