A factor analytic and psychometric examination of pathology of separation-individuation

Daniel K. Lapsley, Matthew C. Aalsma, Nicole M. Varshney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


Two studies are described that attempt to determine if standard-scale-reduction techniques could yield a construct-valid diagnostic screen of pathology of separation-individuation for use in nonclinical university settings. In Study 1 (N = 210), a measure of pathology of separation -individuation (PATHSEP) was reduced successfully to a single, internally consistent factor, accounting for 36% of the variance. In Study 2 (N = 304), these items also coalesced around a single factor, accounting for 35% of the variance. Study 2 also showed that PATHSEP is correlated moderately and positively with indices of insecure attachment, with the Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale, and with indices of psychiatric symptomatology (Hopkins Symptom Checklist). PATHSEP also was associated with a poorer profile of adjustment to college. Males reported more pathology of separation-individuation than did females. Evidence supports the construct validity of a shortened version of PATHSEP. Directions for future research are noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)915-932
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


  • Adjustment
  • Adult attachment
  • Scale development
  • Separation-individuation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

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