A fibrinogen-binding lipoprotein contributes to the virulence of Haemophilus ducreyi in humans

Margaret E. Bauer, Carisa A. Townsend, Ryan S. Doster, Kate R. Fortney, Beth W. Zwickl, Barry P. Katz, Stanley M. Spinola, Diane M. Janowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

A gene expression study of Haemophilus ducreyi identified the hypothetical lipoprotein HD0192, renamed here "fibrinogen binder A" (FgbA), as being preferentially expressed in vivo. To test the role played by fgbA in virulence, an isogenic fgbA mutant (35000HPfgbA) was constructed using H. ducreyi 35000HP, and 6 volunteers were experimentally infected with 35000HP or 35000HPfgbA. The overall pustule-formation rate was 61.1% at parent sites and 22.2% at mutant sites (P = .019). Papules were significantly smaller at mutant sites than at parent sites (13.3 vs. 37.9 mm2; P = .002) 24 h after inoculation. Thus, fgbA contributed significantly to the virulence of H. ducreyi in humans. In vitro experiments demonstrated that fgbA encodes a fibrinogen-binding protein; no other fibrinogen-binding proteins were identified in 35000HP. fgbA was conserved among clinical isolates of both class I and II H. ducreyi strains, supporting the finding that fgbA is important for H. ducreyi infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)684-692
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume199
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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