A Lipophilic Salt of a Transition-Metal Polyhydride: KOsH3(PMe2Ph)3

John C. Huffman, Mark A. Green, Susan L. Kaiser, Kenneth G. Caulton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations


The polyhydride OsH4P3 (P = PMe2Ph) is deprotonated by KH in THF to yield K(fac-OsH3P3), characterized by 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy. This reaction also proceeds in aromatic solvents, and the ether-free product is soluble in benzene and toluene. Spectral properties in toluene are similar to those in THF but reveal subtle differences. The crystal structure of KOsH3(PMe2Ph)3, crystallized from toluene, reveals the reason for the lipophilic character of this material. It consists of centrosymmetric K2Os2H6(PMe2Ph)6 dimers composed of (PhMe2P)3Os(μ-H)3K monomers (an intimate ion pair) bound into dimers by one additional hydride bridge from each K to one hydride hydrogen in the second monomer unit. Equally important to the dimerization is the enfolding of each K+ by two phenyl rings of the second monomer unit with the result that the periphery of the molecule is entirely hydrocarbon in character. The hard acid/soft base character of the K+/phenyl interaction is particularly surprising. Crystal data for KOsH3(PMe2Ph)3 (at-160°C) are the following: a = 9.990 (2) Å, b = 22.867 (8) Å, c = 12.381 (3) Å, β = 111.44 (1)° with z = 4 in space group P21/n.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5111-5115
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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