A Multi-faceted Approach to Promote Comprehension of Online Health Information among Older Adults

Jessie Chin, Darcie D. Moeller, Jessica Johnson, Elise A.G. Duwe, James F. Graumlich, Michael Murray, Daniel G. Morrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of the Study: Older adults' self-care often depends on understanding and utilizing health information. Inadequate health literacy among older adults poses a barrier to self-care because it hampers comprehension of this information, particularly when the information is not well-designed. Our goal was to improve comprehension of online health information among older adults with hypertension who varied in health literacy abilities. Design and Methods: We identifed passages about hypertension self-care from credible websites (typical passages). We used a multi-faceted approach to redesign these passages, revising their content, language, organization and format (revised passages). Older participants read both versions of the passages at their own pace. After each passage, they summarized the passage and then answered questions about the passage. Results: Participants better remembered the revised than the typical passages, summarizing the passages more accurately and uptaking information more effciently (less reading time needed per unit of information remembered). The benefts for reading effciency were greater for older adults with more health knowledge, suggesting knowledge facilitated comprehension of information in the revised passages. Implications: A systematic, multi-faceted approach to designing health documents can promote online learning among older adults with diverse health literacy abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-695
Number of pages10
JournalGerontologist
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 13 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Health Literacy
Self Care
Aptitude
Health
Reading
Hypertension
Language
Learning

Keywords

  • Domain knowledge
  • Health literacy
  • Hypertension
  • Intervention
  • Self-care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Chin, J., Moeller, D. D., Johnson, J., Duwe, E. A. G., Graumlich, J. F., Murray, M., & Morrow, D. G. (2018). A Multi-faceted Approach to Promote Comprehension of Online Health Information among Older Adults. Gerontologist, 58(4), 686-695. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnw254

A Multi-faceted Approach to Promote Comprehension of Online Health Information among Older Adults. / Chin, Jessie; Moeller, Darcie D.; Johnson, Jessica; Duwe, Elise A.G.; Graumlich, James F.; Murray, Michael; Morrow, Daniel G.

In: Gerontologist, Vol. 58, No. 4, 13.07.2018, p. 686-695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chin, J, Moeller, DD, Johnson, J, Duwe, EAG, Graumlich, JF, Murray, M & Morrow, DG 2018, 'A Multi-faceted Approach to Promote Comprehension of Online Health Information among Older Adults', Gerontologist, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 686-695. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnw254
Chin, Jessie ; Moeller, Darcie D. ; Johnson, Jessica ; Duwe, Elise A.G. ; Graumlich, James F. ; Murray, Michael ; Morrow, Daniel G. / A Multi-faceted Approach to Promote Comprehension of Online Health Information among Older Adults. In: Gerontologist. 2018 ; Vol. 58, No. 4. pp. 686-695.
@article{b69e2b6f209b47ac8b35713eb13d87e5,
title = "A Multi-faceted Approach to Promote Comprehension of Online Health Information among Older Adults",
abstract = "Purpose of the Study: Older adults' self-care often depends on understanding and utilizing health information. Inadequate health literacy among older adults poses a barrier to self-care because it hampers comprehension of this information, particularly when the information is not well-designed. Our goal was to improve comprehension of online health information among older adults with hypertension who varied in health literacy abilities. Design and Methods: We identifed passages about hypertension self-care from credible websites (typical passages). We used a multi-faceted approach to redesign these passages, revising their content, language, organization and format (revised passages). Older participants read both versions of the passages at their own pace. After each passage, they summarized the passage and then answered questions about the passage. Results: Participants better remembered the revised than the typical passages, summarizing the passages more accurately and uptaking information more effciently (less reading time needed per unit of information remembered). The benefts for reading effciency were greater for older adults with more health knowledge, suggesting knowledge facilitated comprehension of information in the revised passages. Implications: A systematic, multi-faceted approach to designing health documents can promote online learning among older adults with diverse health literacy abilities.",
keywords = "Domain knowledge, Health literacy, Hypertension, Intervention, Self-care",
author = "Jessie Chin and Moeller, {Darcie D.} and Jessica Johnson and Duwe, {Elise A.G.} and Graumlich, {James F.} and Michael Murray and Morrow, {Daniel G.}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1093/geront/gnw254",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "58",
pages = "686--695",
journal = "The Gerontologist",
issn = "0016-9013",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Multi-faceted Approach to Promote Comprehension of Online Health Information among Older Adults

AU - Chin, Jessie

AU - Moeller, Darcie D.

AU - Johnson, Jessica

AU - Duwe, Elise A.G.

AU - Graumlich, James F.

AU - Murray, Michael

AU - Morrow, Daniel G.

PY - 2018/7/13

Y1 - 2018/7/13

N2 - Purpose of the Study: Older adults' self-care often depends on understanding and utilizing health information. Inadequate health literacy among older adults poses a barrier to self-care because it hampers comprehension of this information, particularly when the information is not well-designed. Our goal was to improve comprehension of online health information among older adults with hypertension who varied in health literacy abilities. Design and Methods: We identifed passages about hypertension self-care from credible websites (typical passages). We used a multi-faceted approach to redesign these passages, revising their content, language, organization and format (revised passages). Older participants read both versions of the passages at their own pace. After each passage, they summarized the passage and then answered questions about the passage. Results: Participants better remembered the revised than the typical passages, summarizing the passages more accurately and uptaking information more effciently (less reading time needed per unit of information remembered). The benefts for reading effciency were greater for older adults with more health knowledge, suggesting knowledge facilitated comprehension of information in the revised passages. Implications: A systematic, multi-faceted approach to designing health documents can promote online learning among older adults with diverse health literacy abilities.

AB - Purpose of the Study: Older adults' self-care often depends on understanding and utilizing health information. Inadequate health literacy among older adults poses a barrier to self-care because it hampers comprehension of this information, particularly when the information is not well-designed. Our goal was to improve comprehension of online health information among older adults with hypertension who varied in health literacy abilities. Design and Methods: We identifed passages about hypertension self-care from credible websites (typical passages). We used a multi-faceted approach to redesign these passages, revising their content, language, organization and format (revised passages). Older participants read both versions of the passages at their own pace. After each passage, they summarized the passage and then answered questions about the passage. Results: Participants better remembered the revised than the typical passages, summarizing the passages more accurately and uptaking information more effciently (less reading time needed per unit of information remembered). The benefts for reading effciency were greater for older adults with more health knowledge, suggesting knowledge facilitated comprehension of information in the revised passages. Implications: A systematic, multi-faceted approach to designing health documents can promote online learning among older adults with diverse health literacy abilities.

KW - Domain knowledge

KW - Health literacy

KW - Hypertension

KW - Intervention

KW - Self-care

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051016145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051016145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/geront/gnw254

DO - 10.1093/geront/gnw254

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 686

EP - 695

JO - The Gerontologist

JF - The Gerontologist

SN - 0016-9013

IS - 4

ER -