(Chemical Equation Presented) Air oxidation of 1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxy-2,7- naphthyridine afforded 2,5,8,11-tetraaza-5,11-dihydro-4,10-dihydroxyperylene-1, 3,6,7,9,12-hexaone. X-ray crystallography of the product revealed that it exists in the meso form in the solid state. The mechanism of product formation most likely involves oxidative phenolic coupling and oxidation. The product proved to be a competitive inhibitor of Schizosaccharomyces pombe lumazine synthase with a Ki of 66 ± 13 μM in Tris buffer and 22 ± 4 μM in phosphate buffer. This is significantly more potent than the reactant (K i 350 ± 76 μM, competitive inhibition), which had previously been identified as a lumazine synthase inhibitor by high-throughput screening. Ab initio calculations indicate that the meso form is slightly less stable than the enantiomeric form, and that the two forms interconvert rapidly at room temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry