A novel osteoclast precursor cell line, 4B12, recapitulates the features of primary osteoclast differentiation and function

Enhanced transfection efficiency before and after differentiation

Shigeru Amano, Keisuke Sekine, Lynda Bonewald, Yoshihiro Ohmori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing multinucleated cells differentiated from monocyte/macrophage lineage precursors. A novel osteoclast precursor cell line, 4B12 was established from Mac-1+c-Fms+RANK+ cells from calvaria of 14-day-old mouse embryos using immunofluorescence and cell-sorting methods. Like M-CSF-dependent bone marrow macrophages (M-BMMs), M-CSF is required for 4B12 cells to differentiate into TRAP-positive multinucleated cells [TRAP(+) MNCs] in the presence of RANKL. Bone-resorbing osteoclasts differentiated from 4B12 cells on dentine slices possess both a clear zone and ruffled borders and express osteoclast-specific genes. Bone-resorbing activity, but not TRAP, was enhanced in the presence of IL-1α. The number of TRAP(+) MNCs and the number of pits formed from 4B12 cells on dentine slices was fourfold higher than that from M-BMMs. 4B12 cells were identified as macrophages with Mac-1 and F4/80, yet lost these markers upon differentiation into osteoclasts as determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The 4B12 cells do not have the potential to differentiate into dendritic cells indicating commitment to the osteoclast lineage. 4B12 cells are readily transfectable with siRNA transfection before and after differentiation. These data show that 4B12 cells faithfully replicate the properties of primary cells and are a useful and powerful model for analyzing the molecular and cellular regulatory mechanisms of osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-53
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume221
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Osteoclasts
Transfection
Cells
Macrophages
Cell Line
Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
Bone
Dentin
Interleukin-1
Sorting
Small Interfering RNA
Bone Marrow
Microscopic examination
Genes
Bone and Bones
Molecular Models
Scanning
Differentiation Antigens
Lasers
Osteogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "A novel osteoclast precursor cell line, 4B12, recapitulates the features of primary osteoclast differentiation and function: Enhanced transfection efficiency before and after differentiation",
abstract = "Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing multinucleated cells differentiated from monocyte/macrophage lineage precursors. A novel osteoclast precursor cell line, 4B12 was established from Mac-1+c-Fms+RANK+ cells from calvaria of 14-day-old mouse embryos using immunofluorescence and cell-sorting methods. Like M-CSF-dependent bone marrow macrophages (M-BMMs), M-CSF is required for 4B12 cells to differentiate into TRAP-positive multinucleated cells [TRAP(+) MNCs] in the presence of RANKL. Bone-resorbing osteoclasts differentiated from 4B12 cells on dentine slices possess both a clear zone and ruffled borders and express osteoclast-specific genes. Bone-resorbing activity, but not TRAP, was enhanced in the presence of IL-1α. The number of TRAP(+) MNCs and the number of pits formed from 4B12 cells on dentine slices was fourfold higher than that from M-BMMs. 4B12 cells were identified as macrophages with Mac-1 and F4/80, yet lost these markers upon differentiation into osteoclasts as determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The 4B12 cells do not have the potential to differentiate into dendritic cells indicating commitment to the osteoclast lineage. 4B12 cells are readily transfectable with siRNA transfection before and after differentiation. These data show that 4B12 cells faithfully replicate the properties of primary cells and are a useful and powerful model for analyzing the molecular and cellular regulatory mechanisms of osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast function.",
author = "Shigeru Amano and Keisuke Sekine and Lynda Bonewald and Yoshihiro Ohmori",
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T1 - A novel osteoclast precursor cell line, 4B12, recapitulates the features of primary osteoclast differentiation and function

T2 - Enhanced transfection efficiency before and after differentiation

AU - Amano, Shigeru

AU - Sekine, Keisuke

AU - Bonewald, Lynda

AU - Ohmori, Yoshihiro

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N2 - Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing multinucleated cells differentiated from monocyte/macrophage lineage precursors. A novel osteoclast precursor cell line, 4B12 was established from Mac-1+c-Fms+RANK+ cells from calvaria of 14-day-old mouse embryos using immunofluorescence and cell-sorting methods. Like M-CSF-dependent bone marrow macrophages (M-BMMs), M-CSF is required for 4B12 cells to differentiate into TRAP-positive multinucleated cells [TRAP(+) MNCs] in the presence of RANKL. Bone-resorbing osteoclasts differentiated from 4B12 cells on dentine slices possess both a clear zone and ruffled borders and express osteoclast-specific genes. Bone-resorbing activity, but not TRAP, was enhanced in the presence of IL-1α. The number of TRAP(+) MNCs and the number of pits formed from 4B12 cells on dentine slices was fourfold higher than that from M-BMMs. 4B12 cells were identified as macrophages with Mac-1 and F4/80, yet lost these markers upon differentiation into osteoclasts as determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The 4B12 cells do not have the potential to differentiate into dendritic cells indicating commitment to the osteoclast lineage. 4B12 cells are readily transfectable with siRNA transfection before and after differentiation. These data show that 4B12 cells faithfully replicate the properties of primary cells and are a useful and powerful model for analyzing the molecular and cellular regulatory mechanisms of osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast function.

AB - Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing multinucleated cells differentiated from monocyte/macrophage lineage precursors. A novel osteoclast precursor cell line, 4B12 was established from Mac-1+c-Fms+RANK+ cells from calvaria of 14-day-old mouse embryos using immunofluorescence and cell-sorting methods. Like M-CSF-dependent bone marrow macrophages (M-BMMs), M-CSF is required for 4B12 cells to differentiate into TRAP-positive multinucleated cells [TRAP(+) MNCs] in the presence of RANKL. Bone-resorbing osteoclasts differentiated from 4B12 cells on dentine slices possess both a clear zone and ruffled borders and express osteoclast-specific genes. Bone-resorbing activity, but not TRAP, was enhanced in the presence of IL-1α. The number of TRAP(+) MNCs and the number of pits formed from 4B12 cells on dentine slices was fourfold higher than that from M-BMMs. 4B12 cells were identified as macrophages with Mac-1 and F4/80, yet lost these markers upon differentiation into osteoclasts as determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The 4B12 cells do not have the potential to differentiate into dendritic cells indicating commitment to the osteoclast lineage. 4B12 cells are readily transfectable with siRNA transfection before and after differentiation. These data show that 4B12 cells faithfully replicate the properties of primary cells and are a useful and powerful model for analyzing the molecular and cellular regulatory mechanisms of osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast function.

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