A phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of GS-9450 in subjects with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Vlad Ratziu, Muhammad Y. Sheikh, Arun J. Sanyal, Joseph K. Lim, Hari Conjeevaram, Naga Chalasani, Manal Abdelmalek, Anezi Bakken, Christophe Renou, Melissa Palmer, Robert A. Levine, B. Raj Bhandari, Melanie Cornpropst, Wei Liang, Benjamin King, Elsa Mondou, Franck S. Rousseau, John Mchutchison, Mario Chojkier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

In nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the extent of hepatocyte apoptosis correlates with disease severity. Reducing hepatocyte apoptosis with the selective caspase inhibitor GS-9450 has a potential for altering the course of the liver disease. In this phase 2, double-blind study, 124 subjects with biopsy-proven NASH were randomized to once-daily placebo or 1, 5, 10, or 40 mg GS-9450 for 4 weeks. Absolute and percent changes from baseline in ALT levels, AST levels, and caspase-3-cleaved cytokeratin (CK)-18 fragments at week 4 were assessed by an analysis of covariance model with adjustment for baseline values. In the 40-mg group, mean (SD) ALT decreased by 47 (43) U/L from baseline to week 4 (P < 0.0001 versus placebo), and the proportion of subjects with normal ALT increased from 0% to 35% at week 4. In the 40-mg group, mean AST decreased by 13 U/L from baseline (not significant), and the proportion with normal AST increased from 20% at baseline to 48% at week 4. By week 4, mean CK-18 fragment levels had decreased to 393 (723) U/L in the GS-9450 10-mg group and 125 (212) U/L in the 40-mg group, but these reductions were not statistically significant. No serious adverse events were reported during treatment, and the percentage of subjects with at least one treatment-emergent grade 3 or 4 laboratory abnormality ranged from 11.5% to 17% across the GS-9450 treatment groups versus 35% in the placebo group. Conclusion: GS-9450 treatment induced significant reductions in ALT levels in NASH patients. Reductions in CK-18 fragment levels also occurred, although they were not statistically significant. At appropriate therapeutic indices, selective caspase inhibitors may be a promising treatment option in patients with NASH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-428
Number of pages10
JournalHepatology
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

Ratziu, V., Sheikh, M. Y., Sanyal, A. J., Lim, J. K., Conjeevaram, H., Chalasani, N., Abdelmalek, M., Bakken, A., Renou, C., Palmer, M., Levine, R. A., Bhandari, B. R., Cornpropst, M., Liang, W., King, B., Mondou, E., Rousseau, F. S., Mchutchison, J., & Chojkier, M. (2012). A phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of GS-9450 in subjects with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Hepatology, 55(2), 419-428. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.24747