Purpose:17-Allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) is a benzoquinone ansamycin antibiotic with antiproliferative activity in several mouse xenograft models, including prostate cancer models. A two-stage phase II study was conducted to assess the activity and toxicity profile of 17-AAG administered to patients with metastatic, hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Experimental Design:Patients with at least one prior systemic therapy and a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were eligible. Patients received 17-AAG at a dose of 300 mg/m 2 i.v. weekly for 3 of 4 weeks. The primary objective was to assess the PSA response. Secondary objectives were to determine overall survival, to assess toxicity, and to measure interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and maspin levels and quality of life. Results:Fifteen eligible patients were enrolled. The median age was 68 years and the median PSA was 261ng/mL. Patients received 17-AAG for a median number of two cycles. Severe adverse events included grade 3 fatigue (four patients), grade 3 lymphopenia (two patients), and grade 3 back pain (two patients). The median PSA progression-free survival was 1.8 months (95% confidence interval, 1.3-3.4 months).The 6-month overall survival was 71% (95% confidence interval, 52-100%). Conclusions:17-AAG did not show any activity with regard to PSA response. Due to insufficient PSA response, enrollment was stopped at the end of first stage per study design. The most significant severe toxicity was grade 3 fatigue. Further evaluation of 17-AAG at a dose of 300 mg/ m 2 i.v. weekly as a single agent in patients with metastatic, hormone-refractory prostate cancer who received at least one prior systemic therapy is not warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research