A phase II trial of radiation therapy and weekly cisplatin chemotherapy for the treatment of locally-advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva: A gynecologic oncology group study

David H. Moore, Shamshad Ali, Wui Jin Koh, Helen Michael, MacK N. Barnes, Carolyn K. McCourt, Howard D. Homesley, Joan L. Walker

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86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of radiation therapy and concurrent weekly cisplatin chemotherapy in achieving a complete clinical and pathologic response when used for the primary treatment of locally-advanced vulvar carcinoma. Methods: Patients with locally-advanced (T3 or T4 tumors not amenable to surgical resection via radical vulvectomy), previously untreated squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva were treated with radiation (1.8 Gy daily × 32 fractions = 57.6 Gy) plus weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m 2) followed by surgical resection of residual tumor (or biopsy to confirm complete clinical response). Management of the groin lymph nodes was standardized and was not a statistical endpoint. Primary endpoints were complete clinical and pathologic response rates of the primary vulvar tumor. Results: A planned interim analysis indicated sufficient activity to reopen the study to a second stage of accrual. Among 58 evaluable patients, there were 40 (69%) who completed study treatment. Reasons for prematurely discontinuing treatment included: patient refusal (N = 4), toxicity (N = 9), death (N = 2), other (N = 3). There were 37 patients with a complete clinical response (37/58; 64%). Among these women there were 34 who underwent surgical biopsy and 29 (78%) who also had a complete pathological response. Common adverse effects included leukopenia, pain, radiation dermatitis, pain, or metabolic changes. Conclusions: This combination of radiation therapy plus weekly cisplatin successfully yielded high complete clinical and pathologic response rates with acceptable toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-533
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume124
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Vulva cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Oncology

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