A photochemical microreactor used to analyze hydrogen peroxide (H 2O 2) production of T lymphocytes

Gabi Nindl, Werner Hess, Lee R. Waite, Walter X. Balcavage

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this report we describe a new photochemical reactor and its use in the study of ultraviolet-B light (UVB) dependent H 2O 2 production by T lymphocytes. In the reactor multiple biological samples rotate around a luminescent tube and thus simultaneously absorb a uniform light-flux. The reactor was developed to expand our earlier studies where we showed that UVB activates T lymphocytes so that 10 7 cells produce about 60 nmol H 2O 2 per minute. H 2O 2 has increasingly become recognized as a cell signaling molecule regulating immune reactions mediated by T lymphocytes. Our laboratory is researching the potential of such immune regulators as potential future therapeutic agents. To study photochemical H 2O 2 production in small samples such as suspensions of T lymphocyte cultures or cell extracts, we designed a reactor in which 12 samples (each 50 - 500 microliters) can be exposed to light under temperature-controlled conditions. The samples are mounted on a rotating platform equidistant from the axis of rotation, where the light source of the photoreactor is located. Rotating the samples helps assure that all samples receive a uniform amount of light energy over time. A cooling fan is integrated in the base of the reactor to help minimize convective heat transfer between the lamp and the samples. We simultaneously operate two identical systems to be able to compare data that are obtained from light exposed samples under control and experimental conditions. Data on the influence of therapeutically relevant electromagnetic fields on H 2O 2 production of T lymphocytes are presented. H 2O 2 was quantified using the Amplex Red dye.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTechnical Papers of ISA
Pages187-192
Number of pages6
Volume455
StatePublished - 2005
Event42nd Annual Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium and 42nd International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium - Copper Mountain, CO, United States
Duration: Apr 8 2005Apr 10 2005

Other

Other42nd Annual Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium and 42nd International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium
CountryUnited States
CityCopper Mountain, CO
Period4/8/054/10/05

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Keywords

  • Amplex Red
  • EMFs
  • Jurkat
  • Non-ionizing electromagnetic fields
  • Photobiology
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • ROS
  • Ultraviolet B light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Nindl, G., Hess, W., Waite, L. R., & Balcavage, W. X. (2005). A photochemical microreactor used to analyze hydrogen peroxide (H 2O 2) production of T lymphocytes. In Technical Papers of ISA (Vol. 455, pp. 187-192)