A potent CD1d-binding glycolipid for iNKT-cell-based therapy against human breast cancer

Toshiyuki Seki, Jianyun Liu, Randy R. Brutkiewicz, Moriya Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aim: Invariant natural killer T-cells (iNKT) stimulated by CD1d-binding glycolipids have been shown to exert antitumor effects by a number of studies in a mouse model. Breast cancer is a devastating disease, with different types of breast cancer recurring locally or distant as metastatic/advanced disease following initial treatment. The aim of this study was to examine the tumoricidal effect of a CD1d-binding glycolipid, called 7DW8-5, against a highly invasive human breast cancer cell line both in vitro and in vivo. Materials and Methods: Parental MDA-MB-231 cells and MDA-MB-231 cells transduced with human CD1d were labeled with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE), followed by loading with glycolipids. After co-culturing with human iNKT cells, the cells were permeabilized and stained with Alexa Flour 647-conjugated antibody to active caspase-3, and analyzed using a BD LSR II. For the in vivo tumoricidal effect, MDA-MB-231 cells transduced with human CD1d and luciferase genes were injected into the mammary fat pad of female NOD/SCID/IL2rγnull (NSG) mice, followed by the injection of human iNKT cells with or without 7DW8-5, and the levels of luminescence were analyzed with whole-body imaging. Results: Human iNKT cells could kill CD1d-expressing human breast cancer cells in vitro in the presence of 7DW8-5, but not α-GalCer. As for in vivo, the adoptive transfer of human iNKT cells into tumor-challenged NSG mice significantly inhibited the growth of CD1d+ MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells in the presence of 7DW8-5. Conclusion: CD1d-binding, glycolipid-based iNKT-cell therapy is suggested as a potent and effective treatment against breast cancer in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-555
Number of pages7
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • CD1d
  • Glycolipid
  • Immunodeficient mice
  • Immunotherapy
  • Invasive human breast cancer
  • Natural killer T-cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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