A Practical Approach to Interpretation of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) for Assessment of Bone Density

Robert Choplin, Leon Lenchik, Scott Wuertzer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoporosis is an extremely common disorder that may result in fractures in several locations. Hip fractures associated with osteoporosis can result in mortality. The defining characteristic of osteoporosis is reduced bone mineral density as identified by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Depending on specific factors, related to the clinical status of the patient or technical aspects of the test itself, interpretation of a DXA examination ranges from straightforward to complicated. We present an approach to evaluation of these factors and production of a clinically relevant report. In this approach, initial screening examinations are regarded as straightforward, follow-up examinations are mildly complex, and examinations that require recalculation of data are complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number48
JournalCurrent Radiology Reports
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 14 2014

Fingerprint

Photon Absorptiometry
Bone Density
Osteoporosis
Hip Fractures
Mortality

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis
  • T-Score
  • Z-Score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

A Practical Approach to Interpretation of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) for Assessment of Bone Density. / Choplin, Robert; Lenchik, Leon; Wuertzer, Scott.

In: Current Radiology Reports, Vol. 2, No. 6, 48, 14.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{ce6319cb6c444b23a22e1243fde6a5db,
title = "A Practical Approach to Interpretation of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) for Assessment of Bone Density",
abstract = "Osteoporosis is an extremely common disorder that may result in fractures in several locations. Hip fractures associated with osteoporosis can result in mortality. The defining characteristic of osteoporosis is reduced bone mineral density as identified by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Depending on specific factors, related to the clinical status of the patient or technical aspects of the test itself, interpretation of a DXA examination ranges from straightforward to complicated. We present an approach to evaluation of these factors and production of a clinically relevant report. In this approach, initial screening examinations are regarded as straightforward, follow-up examinations are mildly complex, and examinations that require recalculation of data are complex.",
keywords = "Bone mineral density, Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), Osteopenia, Osteoporosis, T-Score, Z-Score",
author = "Robert Choplin and Leon Lenchik and Scott Wuertzer",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1007/s40134-014-0048-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
journal = "Current Radiology Reports",
issn = "2167-4825",
publisher = "Springer New York LLC",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Practical Approach to Interpretation of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) for Assessment of Bone Density

AU - Choplin, Robert

AU - Lenchik, Leon

AU - Wuertzer, Scott

PY - 2014/6/14

Y1 - 2014/6/14

N2 - Osteoporosis is an extremely common disorder that may result in fractures in several locations. Hip fractures associated with osteoporosis can result in mortality. The defining characteristic of osteoporosis is reduced bone mineral density as identified by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Depending on specific factors, related to the clinical status of the patient or technical aspects of the test itself, interpretation of a DXA examination ranges from straightforward to complicated. We present an approach to evaluation of these factors and production of a clinically relevant report. In this approach, initial screening examinations are regarded as straightforward, follow-up examinations are mildly complex, and examinations that require recalculation of data are complex.

AB - Osteoporosis is an extremely common disorder that may result in fractures in several locations. Hip fractures associated with osteoporosis can result in mortality. The defining characteristic of osteoporosis is reduced bone mineral density as identified by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Depending on specific factors, related to the clinical status of the patient or technical aspects of the test itself, interpretation of a DXA examination ranges from straightforward to complicated. We present an approach to evaluation of these factors and production of a clinically relevant report. In this approach, initial screening examinations are regarded as straightforward, follow-up examinations are mildly complex, and examinations that require recalculation of data are complex.

KW - Bone mineral density

KW - Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)

KW - Osteopenia

KW - Osteoporosis

KW - T-Score

KW - Z-Score

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058115469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058115469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s40134-014-0048-x

DO - 10.1007/s40134-014-0048-x

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85058115469

VL - 2

JO - Current Radiology Reports

JF - Current Radiology Reports

SN - 2167-4825

IS - 6

M1 - 48

ER -