A preliminary model of work during initial examination and treatment planning appointments

J. Y. Irwin, M. H. Torres-Urquidy, Titus Schleyer, V. Monaco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective This study's objective was to formally describe the work process for charting and treatment planning in general dental practice to inform the design of a new clinical computing environment.Methods Using a process called contextual inquiry, researchers observed 23 comprehensive examination and treatment planning sessions during 14 visits to 12 general US dental offices. For each visit, field notes were analysed and reformulated as formalised models. Subsequently, each model type was consolidated across all offices and visits. Interruptions to the workflow, called breakdowns, were identified.Results Clinical work during dental examination and treatment planning appointments is a highly collaborative activity involving dentists, hygienists and assistants. Personnel with multiple overlapping roles complete complex multi-step tasks supported by a large and varied collection of equipment, artifacts and technology. Most of the breakdowns were related to technology which interrupted the workflow, caused rework and increased the number of steps in work processes.Conclusion Current dental software could be significantly improved with regard to its support for communication and collaboration, workflow, information design and presentation, information content, and data entry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBritish Dental Journal
Volume206
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Workflow
Appointments and Schedules
Tooth
Dental General Practices
Technology
Dental Offices
Office Visits
Dentists
Artifacts
Therapeutics
Software
Communication
Research Personnel
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

A preliminary model of work during initial examination and treatment planning appointments. / Irwin, J. Y.; Torres-Urquidy, M. H.; Schleyer, Titus; Monaco, V.

In: British Dental Journal, Vol. 206, No. 1, 10.01.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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