A Qualitative Assessment of Barriers to Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among Adolescents in Western Kenya

Catherine June Kunapareddy, Winstone Nyandiko, Thomas Inui, Samuel Ayaya, David G. Marrero, Rachel Vreeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) requires nearly perfect adherence to be effective. This study aims to identify key factors identified by HIV-infected adolescents on ART as contributing to medication adherence in western Kenya. Using a qualitative study design, three adolescent focus groups discussions were conducted at an urban and rural clinic site in western Kenya. The study population included HIV-infected adolescents receiving ART through the USAID-AMPATH HIV care system. A trained facilitator conducted groups in Kiswahili using a semistructured interview guide probing multiple aspects of experience of taking medicines. Transcribed focus group dialogs were analyzed using constant comparison, progressive coding, and triangulation. The adolescents described a context of negative societal beliefs about HIV, necessitating a lifestyle of secrecy and minimizing the information shared about HIV or ART. Assessing and addressing adolescents’ fears and behaviors regarding medication secrecy and disclosure may enable more accurate monitoring of adherence and development of intervention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-401
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014

Keywords

  • adherence disclosure
  • adolescents
  • HIV
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

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