A Qualitative Examination of Juvenile Probation Officers as Gateway Providers to Mental Health Care

Evan D. Holloway, James R. Brown, Philip D. Suman, Matthew Aalsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite significant rates of psychopathology, less than 10% of court-involved youth are connected to appropriate care on release from detention. The majority are mandated to probation on release, providing the juvenile probation officer (PO) a unique opportunity to facilitate connection to mental health care. The current study supported this notion through analysis of qualitative interviews with recently detained youth, and their caregivers, who were identified with mental health concerns in detention. The juvenile PO was evaluated as a gateway provider (GP) in the pathway to mental health care. Results supported previous research discussing the conflicting roles inherent in juvenile probation: law enforcement and rehabilitation. A number of individual- and system-level factors specific to juvenile POs improved or impaired likelihood of connection to care. Further research should investigate how the interaction of the individual juvenile PO's law enforcement orientation, and departmental culture and climate, affects youth's connection to mental health care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-392
Number of pages23
JournalCriminal Justice Policy Review
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Fingerprint

probation officer
mental health
health care
examination
probation
law enforcement
juvenile law
individual law
psychopathology
qualitative interview
caregiver
rehabilitation
climate
interaction

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • juvenile justice
  • probation
  • reentry
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law

Cite this

A Qualitative Examination of Juvenile Probation Officers as Gateway Providers to Mental Health Care. / Holloway, Evan D.; Brown, James R.; Suman, Philip D.; Aalsma, Matthew.

In: Criminal Justice Policy Review, Vol. 24, No. 3, 05.2013, p. 370-392.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Holloway, Evan D. ; Brown, James R. ; Suman, Philip D. ; Aalsma, Matthew. / A Qualitative Examination of Juvenile Probation Officers as Gateway Providers to Mental Health Care. In: Criminal Justice Policy Review. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 370-392.
@article{01139305e699455ea109cb6f2334c0bc,
title = "A Qualitative Examination of Juvenile Probation Officers as Gateway Providers to Mental Health Care",
abstract = "Despite significant rates of psychopathology, less than 10{\%} of court-involved youth are connected to appropriate care on release from detention. The majority are mandated to probation on release, providing the juvenile probation officer (PO) a unique opportunity to facilitate connection to mental health care. The current study supported this notion through analysis of qualitative interviews with recently detained youth, and their caregivers, who were identified with mental health concerns in detention. The juvenile PO was evaluated as a gateway provider (GP) in the pathway to mental health care. Results supported previous research discussing the conflicting roles inherent in juvenile probation: law enforcement and rehabilitation. A number of individual- and system-level factors specific to juvenile POs improved or impaired likelihood of connection to care. Further research should investigate how the interaction of the individual juvenile PO's law enforcement orientation, and departmental culture and climate, affects youth's connection to mental health care.",
keywords = "adolescence, juvenile justice, probation, reentry, treatment",
author = "Holloway, {Evan D.} and Brown, {James R.} and Suman, {Philip D.} and Matthew Aalsma",
year = "2013",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1177/0887403412436603",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "370--392",
journal = "Criminal Justice Policy Review",
issn = "0887-4034",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Qualitative Examination of Juvenile Probation Officers as Gateway Providers to Mental Health Care

AU - Holloway, Evan D.

AU - Brown, James R.

AU - Suman, Philip D.

AU - Aalsma, Matthew

PY - 2013/5

Y1 - 2013/5

N2 - Despite significant rates of psychopathology, less than 10% of court-involved youth are connected to appropriate care on release from detention. The majority are mandated to probation on release, providing the juvenile probation officer (PO) a unique opportunity to facilitate connection to mental health care. The current study supported this notion through analysis of qualitative interviews with recently detained youth, and their caregivers, who were identified with mental health concerns in detention. The juvenile PO was evaluated as a gateway provider (GP) in the pathway to mental health care. Results supported previous research discussing the conflicting roles inherent in juvenile probation: law enforcement and rehabilitation. A number of individual- and system-level factors specific to juvenile POs improved or impaired likelihood of connection to care. Further research should investigate how the interaction of the individual juvenile PO's law enforcement orientation, and departmental culture and climate, affects youth's connection to mental health care.

AB - Despite significant rates of psychopathology, less than 10% of court-involved youth are connected to appropriate care on release from detention. The majority are mandated to probation on release, providing the juvenile probation officer (PO) a unique opportunity to facilitate connection to mental health care. The current study supported this notion through analysis of qualitative interviews with recently detained youth, and their caregivers, who were identified with mental health concerns in detention. The juvenile PO was evaluated as a gateway provider (GP) in the pathway to mental health care. Results supported previous research discussing the conflicting roles inherent in juvenile probation: law enforcement and rehabilitation. A number of individual- and system-level factors specific to juvenile POs improved or impaired likelihood of connection to care. Further research should investigate how the interaction of the individual juvenile PO's law enforcement orientation, and departmental culture and climate, affects youth's connection to mental health care.

KW - adolescence

KW - juvenile justice

KW - probation

KW - reentry

KW - treatment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876427234&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876427234&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0887403412436603

DO - 10.1177/0887403412436603

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 370

EP - 392

JO - Criminal Justice Policy Review

JF - Criminal Justice Policy Review

SN - 0887-4034

IS - 3

ER -