A qualitative study of patients’ perceptions of the utility of patient-reported outcome measures of symptoms in primary care clinics

Tasneem L. Talib, Paige DeChant, Jacob Kean, Patrick Monahan, David Haggstrom, Madison E. Stout, Kurt Kroenke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue (SPADE pentad) symptoms are common, but often unrecognized and undertreated in primary care. In an effort to improve symptom outcomes, primary care clinics are integrating patient-reported outcome measures (PROs), such as the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS), into practice. Whether patients with SPADE symptoms perceive these measures as useful is unknown. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore patients’ perceptions of the utility of symptom-based PROs in primary care. Methods: As part of a mixed-methods study, 23 patients (age 24–77 years) with one or more SPADE symptoms participated in one-on-one interviews about the use, implementation and visual display of PROMIS. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Five themes emerged: (1) PROs may foster communication about symptoms; (2) data from PROs may prompt clinical actions; (3) the visual display of symptom scores could be useful for patients and providers, though modifications may enhance interpretation; (4) implementation may vary according to patients’ perception of PRO features (e.g., length); and (5) PROs may be useful, but only to the extent that they are valued, prioritized, and used. Conclusions: According to patients, the use of PROs to measure symptoms in primary care clinics has the potential to be useful. However, patients are reluctant to complete PROs if they perceive that clinicians do not use the measures to improve care. Barriers to implementation in primary care (e.g., duration of visit) should be addressed to enhance the utility of PROs. Clinical trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT02383862.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalQuality of Life Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Primary Health Care
Information Systems
Interviews
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Fatigue
Sleep
Anxiety
Communication
Clinical Trials
Depression
Pain

Keywords

  • Patient-reported outcome measures
  • Primary care
  • Qualitative
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "A qualitative study of patients’ perceptions of the utility of patient-reported outcome measures of symptoms in primary care clinics",
abstract = "Purpose: Sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue (SPADE pentad) symptoms are common, but often unrecognized and undertreated in primary care. In an effort to improve symptom outcomes, primary care clinics are integrating patient-reported outcome measures (PROs), such as the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS), into practice. Whether patients with SPADE symptoms perceive these measures as useful is unknown. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore patients’ perceptions of the utility of symptom-based PROs in primary care. Methods: As part of a mixed-methods study, 23 patients (age 24–77 years) with one or more SPADE symptoms participated in one-on-one interviews about the use, implementation and visual display of PROMIS. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Five themes emerged: (1) PROs may foster communication about symptoms; (2) data from PROs may prompt clinical actions; (3) the visual display of symptom scores could be useful for patients and providers, though modifications may enhance interpretation; (4) implementation may vary according to patients’ perception of PRO features (e.g., length); and (5) PROs may be useful, but only to the extent that they are valued, prioritized, and used. Conclusions: According to patients, the use of PROs to measure symptoms in primary care clinics has the potential to be useful. However, patients are reluctant to complete PROs if they perceive that clinicians do not use the measures to improve care. Barriers to implementation in primary care (e.g., duration of visit) should be addressed to enhance the utility of PROs. Clinical trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT02383862.",
keywords = "Patient-reported outcome measures, Primary care, Qualitative, Symptoms",
author = "Talib, {Tasneem L.} and Paige DeChant and Jacob Kean and Patrick Monahan and David Haggstrom and Stout, {Madison E.} and Kurt Kroenke",
year = "2018",
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T1 - A qualitative study of patients’ perceptions of the utility of patient-reported outcome measures of symptoms in primary care clinics

AU - Talib, Tasneem L.

AU - DeChant, Paige

AU - Kean, Jacob

AU - Monahan, Patrick

AU - Haggstrom, David

AU - Stout, Madison E.

AU - Kroenke, Kurt

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Purpose: Sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue (SPADE pentad) symptoms are common, but often unrecognized and undertreated in primary care. In an effort to improve symptom outcomes, primary care clinics are integrating patient-reported outcome measures (PROs), such as the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS), into practice. Whether patients with SPADE symptoms perceive these measures as useful is unknown. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore patients’ perceptions of the utility of symptom-based PROs in primary care. Methods: As part of a mixed-methods study, 23 patients (age 24–77 years) with one or more SPADE symptoms participated in one-on-one interviews about the use, implementation and visual display of PROMIS. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Five themes emerged: (1) PROs may foster communication about symptoms; (2) data from PROs may prompt clinical actions; (3) the visual display of symptom scores could be useful for patients and providers, though modifications may enhance interpretation; (4) implementation may vary according to patients’ perception of PRO features (e.g., length); and (5) PROs may be useful, but only to the extent that they are valued, prioritized, and used. Conclusions: According to patients, the use of PROs to measure symptoms in primary care clinics has the potential to be useful. However, patients are reluctant to complete PROs if they perceive that clinicians do not use the measures to improve care. Barriers to implementation in primary care (e.g., duration of visit) should be addressed to enhance the utility of PROs. Clinical trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT02383862.

AB - Purpose: Sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue (SPADE pentad) symptoms are common, but often unrecognized and undertreated in primary care. In an effort to improve symptom outcomes, primary care clinics are integrating patient-reported outcome measures (PROs), such as the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS), into practice. Whether patients with SPADE symptoms perceive these measures as useful is unknown. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore patients’ perceptions of the utility of symptom-based PROs in primary care. Methods: As part of a mixed-methods study, 23 patients (age 24–77 years) with one or more SPADE symptoms participated in one-on-one interviews about the use, implementation and visual display of PROMIS. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Five themes emerged: (1) PROs may foster communication about symptoms; (2) data from PROs may prompt clinical actions; (3) the visual display of symptom scores could be useful for patients and providers, though modifications may enhance interpretation; (4) implementation may vary according to patients’ perception of PRO features (e.g., length); and (5) PROs may be useful, but only to the extent that they are valued, prioritized, and used. Conclusions: According to patients, the use of PROs to measure symptoms in primary care clinics has the potential to be useful. However, patients are reluctant to complete PROs if they perceive that clinicians do not use the measures to improve care. Barriers to implementation in primary care (e.g., duration of visit) should be addressed to enhance the utility of PROs. Clinical trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT02383862.

KW - Patient-reported outcome measures

KW - Primary care

KW - Qualitative

KW - Symptoms

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