A randomized, controlled study of amiodarone for prevention of atrial fibrillation after transthoracic esophagectomy

James E. Tisdale, Heather A. Wroblewski, Donna S. Wall, Karen M. Rieger, Zane T. Hammoud, Jerry V. Young, Kenneth A. Kesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Atrial fibrillation is common after esophagectomy. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of amiodarone for prevention of atrial fibrillation after transthoracic esophagectomy. Methods: Eighty patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy were randomly, prospectively assigned to receive amiodarone (n = 40) or no prophylaxis (control group, n = 40). Amiodarone-treated patients received the drug by continuous infusion, initiated at the time of induction of anesthesia, at a rate of 0.73 mg/min (43.75 mg/h), and continued for 96 hours (total dose 4200 mg). The primary end point was atrial fibrillation requiring treatment. Secondary end points included any atrial fibrillation lasting longer than 30 seconds and postoperative hospital and intensive care unit stays. Results: There were no significant differences between the amiodarone and control groups in demographic characteristics, comorbid conditions, or preoperative or postoperative use of β-blockers or calcium-channel blockers. The incidence of atrial fibrillation requiring treatment was lower in the amiodarone group than in the control group (15% vs 40%, P = .02, relative risk reduction 62.5%). There were no significant differences between the amiodarone and control groups in median hospital stay (11 days vs 12 days, P = .31) or median intensive care unit stay (68 hours vs 77 hours, p = .097). There were no significant difference between the groups in the incidences of adverse effects. Conclusions: Amiodarone prophylaxis significantly reduced the incidence of atrial fibrillation after transthoracic esophagectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume140
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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