A role for myosin 1e in cortical granule exocytosis in Xenopus oocytes

Cataldo Schietroma, Hoi Ying Yu, Mark C. Wagner, Joy A. Umbach, William M. Bement, Cameron B. Gundersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Xenopus oocytes undergo dynamic structural changes during maturation and fertilization. Among these, cortical granule exocytosis and compensatory endocytosis provide effective models to study membrane trafficking. This study documents an important role for myosin1e in cortical granule exocytosis. Myosin1e is expressed at the earliest stage that cortical granule exocytosis can be detected in oocytes. Prior to exocytosis, myosin1e relocates to the surface of cortical granules. Overexpression of myosin1e augments the kinetics of cortical granule exocytosis, whereas tail-derived fragments of myosin1e inhibit this secretory event (but not constitutive exocytosis). Finally, intracellular injection of myosin1e antibody inhibits cortical granule exocytosis. Further experiments identified cysteine string proteins as interacting partners for myosin1e. As constituents of the membrane of cortical granules, cysteine string proteins are also essential for cortical granule exocytosis. Future investigation of the link between myosin1e and cysteine string proteins should help to clarify basic mechanisms of regulated exocytosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29504-29513
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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