Purpose: Suboptimal dosage evaluated from postimplant dosimetry of prostate brachytherapy creates conundrum that needs resolution. This pilot study was undertaken to explore the feasibility of summing and visualizing radiation dosage from multimodality treatment. Methods and Materials: Four weeks after 125I permanent prostate seed implant, CT scans were performed on the whole pelvis of patients using our standard protocol for prostate planning. The acquired CT data sets were reconstructed using different sizes of field of view (FOV). The images with limited FOV focusing on prostate were imported into Variseed (Varian Medical Systems, Inc., Palo Alto, CA) for postimplant evaluation, whereas images with full FOV were imported to Eclipse (Varian Medical Systems, Inc., Palo Alto, CA) treatment planning system (TPS) for future managements, that is, for external beam salvage. Results: The dose matrix resulted from the postimplant dosimetry was exported from Variseed in standard DICOM format and imported into Eclipse TPS. The brachytherapy dose matrix was registered with the patient images with full FOV in Eclipse TPS. Targets for dose boost were defined based on the isodose curves generated from brachytherapy. An external photon beam plan was successfully generated to deliver dose for selected underdose regions. Conclusion: Accurate external beam radiation treatment planning can be accomplished using our planning protocols when inadequate brachytherapy dose delivery occurs. The proposed technique can be used to safely deliver additional external radiation dose using intensity-modulated radiation therapy technique after suboptimal brachytherapy procedure.
- Dose visualization
- Three-dimensional dose fusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging