A survey of united states periodontists' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to tobacco-cessation interventions

Amit M. Patel, Steven B. Blanchard, Arden G. Christen, Robert W. Bandy, Laura M. Romito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Because of the clear causal relationship between smoking and periodontal disease, and the negative effect of smoking on wound healing, it is of great importance to evaluate the tobacco-cessation interventions provided by periodontal practices. The use of tobacco-cessation interventions in clinical practice can be measured by whether the practitioner uses any of the "5 A's" defined by the 2008 United States Public Health Services Clinical Practice Guideline. Methods: Surveys were mailed to 1,000 active members of the American Academy of Periodontology. The surveys assessed the periodontists' demographic information, educational and professional background, knowledge and attitudes about tobacco cessation, and use of interventions in the daily practice of periodontics. Results: Data were collected from 231 periodontists via a self-administered survey. Most (92%) believed that tobacco cessation is a responsibility of the dental profession. A pattern of declining levels of involvement was seen as the providers moved through the suggested "5 A's" for promoting tobacco cessation. Providers with formal tobacco-cessation training were more likely to perform interventions. The primary perceived barriers to providing tobacco-cessation interventions were low patient acceptance of treatment, lack of time, and lack of training. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that periodontists believe that tobacco-cessation interventions are a responsibility of the dental profession; however, because of several perceived barriers, reported rates of comprehensive tobacco interventions in periodontal practices are low.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-376
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

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Keywords

  • Health behavior
  • Nicotine
  • Oral health
  • Periodontal diseases
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco use cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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