A translational worksite diabetes prevention trial improves psychosocial status, dietary intake, and step counts among employees with prediabetes

A randomized controlled trial

Carla K. Miller, Kellie R. Weinhold, David Marrero, Haikady N. Nagaraja, Brian C. Focht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Few worksite trials have examined the impact of diabetes prevention interventions on psychological and behavioral outcomes. Thus, the impact of a worksite lifestyle intervention on psychosocial outcomes, food group intake, and step counts for physical activity (PA) was evaluated. Method: A randomized pretest/posttest control group design with 3-month follow-up was employed from October 2012 to May 2014 at a U.S. university worksite among employees with prediabetes. The experimental group (n. =. 35) received a 16-week group-based intervention while the control group received usual care (n. =. 33). Repeated measures analysis of variance compared the change in outcomes between groups across time. Results: A significant difference occurred between groups post-intervention for self-efficacy associated with eating and PA; goal commitment and difficulty; satisfaction with weight loss and physical fitness; peer social support for healthful eating; generation of alternatives for problem solving; and intake of fruits, meat, fish, poultry, nuts, and seeds (all ps. <.05). The experimental group significantly increased step counts post-intervention (p. =.0279) and were significantly more likely to report completing their work at study end (p. =.0231). Conclusion: The worksite trial facilitated improvement in modifiable psychosocial outcomes, dietary patterns, and step counts; the long-term impact on diabetes prevention warrants further investigation. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01682954.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Prediabetic State
Workplace
Randomized Controlled Trials
Eating
Control Groups
Nuts
Physical Fitness
Self Efficacy
Poultry
Social Support
Meat
Life Style
Weight Loss
Fruit
Seeds
Analysis of Variance
Fishes
Psychology

Keywords

  • Dietary intake
  • Goal setting
  • Physical activity
  • Prediabetes
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

A translational worksite diabetes prevention trial improves psychosocial status, dietary intake, and step counts among employees with prediabetes : A randomized controlled trial. / Miller, Carla K.; Weinhold, Kellie R.; Marrero, David; Nagaraja, Haikady N.; Focht, Brian C.

In: Preventive Medicine Reports, Vol. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 118-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4327e552616945a99bfdb6ab59455403,
title = "A translational worksite diabetes prevention trial improves psychosocial status, dietary intake, and step counts among employees with prediabetes: A randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Objective: Few worksite trials have examined the impact of diabetes prevention interventions on psychological and behavioral outcomes. Thus, the impact of a worksite lifestyle intervention on psychosocial outcomes, food group intake, and step counts for physical activity (PA) was evaluated. Method: A randomized pretest/posttest control group design with 3-month follow-up was employed from October 2012 to May 2014 at a U.S. university worksite among employees with prediabetes. The experimental group (n. =. 35) received a 16-week group-based intervention while the control group received usual care (n. =. 33). Repeated measures analysis of variance compared the change in outcomes between groups across time. Results: A significant difference occurred between groups post-intervention for self-efficacy associated with eating and PA; goal commitment and difficulty; satisfaction with weight loss and physical fitness; peer social support for healthful eating; generation of alternatives for problem solving; and intake of fruits, meat, fish, poultry, nuts, and seeds (all ps. <.05). The experimental group significantly increased step counts post-intervention (p. =.0279) and were significantly more likely to report completing their work at study end (p. =.0231). Conclusion: The worksite trial facilitated improvement in modifiable psychosocial outcomes, dietary patterns, and step counts; the long-term impact on diabetes prevention warrants further investigation. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01682954.",
keywords = "Dietary intake, Goal setting, Physical activity, Prediabetes, Randomized controlled trial, Self-efficacy",
author = "Miller, {Carla K.} and Weinhold, {Kellie R.} and David Marrero and Nagaraja, {Haikady N.} and Focht, {Brian C.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.02.003",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "118--126",
journal = "Preventive Medicine Reports",
issn = "2211-3355",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A translational worksite diabetes prevention trial improves psychosocial status, dietary intake, and step counts among employees with prediabetes

T2 - A randomized controlled trial

AU - Miller, Carla K.

AU - Weinhold, Kellie R.

AU - Marrero, David

AU - Nagaraja, Haikady N.

AU - Focht, Brian C.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Objective: Few worksite trials have examined the impact of diabetes prevention interventions on psychological and behavioral outcomes. Thus, the impact of a worksite lifestyle intervention on psychosocial outcomes, food group intake, and step counts for physical activity (PA) was evaluated. Method: A randomized pretest/posttest control group design with 3-month follow-up was employed from October 2012 to May 2014 at a U.S. university worksite among employees with prediabetes. The experimental group (n. =. 35) received a 16-week group-based intervention while the control group received usual care (n. =. 33). Repeated measures analysis of variance compared the change in outcomes between groups across time. Results: A significant difference occurred between groups post-intervention for self-efficacy associated with eating and PA; goal commitment and difficulty; satisfaction with weight loss and physical fitness; peer social support for healthful eating; generation of alternatives for problem solving; and intake of fruits, meat, fish, poultry, nuts, and seeds (all ps. <.05). The experimental group significantly increased step counts post-intervention (p. =.0279) and were significantly more likely to report completing their work at study end (p. =.0231). Conclusion: The worksite trial facilitated improvement in modifiable psychosocial outcomes, dietary patterns, and step counts; the long-term impact on diabetes prevention warrants further investigation. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01682954.

AB - Objective: Few worksite trials have examined the impact of diabetes prevention interventions on psychological and behavioral outcomes. Thus, the impact of a worksite lifestyle intervention on psychosocial outcomes, food group intake, and step counts for physical activity (PA) was evaluated. Method: A randomized pretest/posttest control group design with 3-month follow-up was employed from October 2012 to May 2014 at a U.S. university worksite among employees with prediabetes. The experimental group (n. =. 35) received a 16-week group-based intervention while the control group received usual care (n. =. 33). Repeated measures analysis of variance compared the change in outcomes between groups across time. Results: A significant difference occurred between groups post-intervention for self-efficacy associated with eating and PA; goal commitment and difficulty; satisfaction with weight loss and physical fitness; peer social support for healthful eating; generation of alternatives for problem solving; and intake of fruits, meat, fish, poultry, nuts, and seeds (all ps. <.05). The experimental group significantly increased step counts post-intervention (p. =.0279) and were significantly more likely to report completing their work at study end (p. =.0231). Conclusion: The worksite trial facilitated improvement in modifiable psychosocial outcomes, dietary patterns, and step counts; the long-term impact on diabetes prevention warrants further investigation. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01682954.

KW - Dietary intake

KW - Goal setting

KW - Physical activity

KW - Prediabetes

KW - Randomized controlled trial

KW - Self-efficacy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923026759&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84923026759&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.02.003

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 118

EP - 126

JO - Preventive Medicine Reports

JF - Preventive Medicine Reports

SN - 2211-3355

ER -