Abdominal compartment syndrome

Aashish Patel, Chandana G. Lall, S. Gregory Jennings, Kumaresan Sandrasegaran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

34 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to discuss the pathogenesis, clinical features, radiologic findings, and treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome, which is defined as an acute elevation of the intraabdominal pressure with organ dysfunction. CONCLUSION. Abdominal compartment syndrome is not well reported in the radiology literature. In this review, we discuss a range of CT signs such as elevated diaphragm, collapsed inferior vena cava, bowel wall thickening, bowel mucosal hyperenhancement, hemoperitoneum, and increasing abdominal girth, which, in combination, may allow the radiologist to raise the possibility of abdominal compartment syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1037-1043
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007


  • Abdominal compartment syndrome
  • CT diagnosis
  • Intraabdominal hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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