Abdominopelvic bleed rate on admission CT correlates with mortality and transfusion needs in the setting of blunt pelvic fractures: a single institution pilot study

William Borror, Greg E. Gaski, Scott Steenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The objectives of this study were to calculate the total volumetric rate of abdominopelvic bleeding in patients with acute pelvic fractures and examine the relationships between the bleeding rate, patient outcomes, and required patient interventions. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study which included 29 patients from a 4-year period (May 2013 to May 2017). Patients with acute pelvic fractures and active bleeding detected on CT with two phases of imaging were included. Software was used to measure the volume of active bleeding on arterial and parenchymal phases. The active bleeding rate was calculated by dividing the change in active bleeding volume by the time between the two phases. The total volumetric bleed rate from all sites was then computed. Clinical variables were compared between survivors and non-survivors. Results: Overall mortality in this cohort was 21% (n = 6). The mean abdominopelvic volumetric bleed rate in non-survivors was much greater than survivors (40.7 cc/min vs. 5.7 cc/min; p < 0.01). Ninety-six percent of survivors had an abdominopelvic bleed rate < 20 cc/min compared to 33% of non-survivors. An abdominopelvic bleed rate > 20 cc/min was associated with a mortality rate of 80% while a rate of < 20 cc/min was associated with a 92% survival rate. The mean pelvic hematoma volume was greater in non-survivors compared to survivors (1854 cc vs. 746 cc; p < 0.01). There was a positive association between hematoma volume and units of blood transfused (r s = 0.4, n = 29, p = 0.04). Conclusion: An abdominopelvic bleeding rate > 20 cc/min was associated with a high risk of mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalEmergency Radiology
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2019

Keywords

  • Active bleeding
  • Active extravasation
  • Blunt trauma
  • Emergency radiology
  • Hematoma
  • Pelvic fractures
  • Pelvis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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