Purpose: Neuropilin (Np)-1 and -2 are coreceptors for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study was designed to assess their role in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Experimental Design: We assessed Np-1 and Np-2 expression by real-time quantitative PCR in relation to the expression of VEGF ligands and receptors in pancreatic cancer cell lines and tissues. Results: ASPC-1, CAPAN-1, and PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells and tumor-derived, laser-captured pancreatic cancer cells exhibited higher Np-1 and Np-2 mRNA levels than VEGF receptor-1, -2, or -3 mRNA levels. Transfection of Np-1 and Np-2 cDNAs in COS-7 cells, and treatment with tunicamycin revealed that both proteins were glycosylated. Both proteins were expressed in pancreatic cancer cell lines, in the PDAC samples, and in acinar cells adjacent to the cancer cells. The normal pancreas was devoid of Np-1 immunoreactivity, whereas Np-2 immunoreactivity was present in the endocrine islets and in some acinar cells, but not in ductal cells. Conclusions: The aberrant localization of Np-1 and Np-2 in the cancer cells in PDAC suggests that in addition to exerting proangiogenic effects, these coreceptors may contribute to novel autocrine-paracrine interactions in this malignancy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research