Abnormalities of endocardial activation pattern in patients with previous healed myocardial infarction and ventricular tachycardia

Joseph A. Vassallo, Dennis M. Cassidy, Francis E. Marchlinski, John M. Miller, Alfred E. Buxton, Mark E. Josephson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endocardial catheter mapping was performed in 27 patients with anterior wall acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and in 10 patients with inferior wall AMI. All patients had a history of ventricular tachycardia. Left ventricular breakthrough occurred at 10 ± 4 ms after the QRS complex in inferior AMI and 11 ±7 ms after the QRS complex in anterior AMI. Total electrical activity recorded during sinus rhythm was 164 ± 46 ms in inferior and 144 ± 28 ms in anterior AMI (p = 0.05). Nine of the 10 patients with inferior AMI had complete activation of the anterior wall within the initial one-half of the QRS complex, compared with only 15 of the 27 patients with anterior AMI (p = 0.05). All 10 patients with inferior AMI had activation of the ventricular septum within the initial half of the QRS complex compared with only 13 of 27 with anterior AMI (p < 0.005). None of the patients with inferior AMI had activation of the inferoposterior base within the initial one-half of the QRS complex, compared with 21 of 27 patients with anterior AMI (p < 0.001). Complete activation of the anterior wall occurred at 33 ± 15 ms in inferior and 58 ± 30 ms in anterior AMI (p < 0.005). Complete activation of the septum occurred at 38 ± 12 ms in inferior and 63 ± 28 ms in anterior AMI (p < 0.005). Complete activation of the inferoposterior base occurred at 100 ± 38 ms in inferior and 50 ± 21 ms in anterior AMI (p < 0.001). The latest site of endocardial activation was located at the inferoposterior base in 8 of the 10 patients with inferior AMI and was variable in those with anterior AMI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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