Accelerated amyloid deposition in mice treated with the aspartic protease inhibitor, pepstatin

Toshiyuki Yamada, Juris Liepnieks, Merrill D. Benson, Barbara Kluve-Beckerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of amyloidotic diseases is believed to be determined in large part by the structure and metabolism of the amyloid subunit protein. The amino-terminal region of serum amyloid A (SAA), the subunit precursor protein in reactive amyloidosis, appears to confer fibrillogenic potential. Here we present data consistent with the hypothesis that amyloid A fibrillogenesis is favored when proteolysis of the amino-terminal region of SAA is impaired. Murine tissue extracts were found to contain pepstatin- inhibitable protease activity that cleaved mouse SAA2 between Glu8 and Ala9. Tissues obtained from mice that had been treated with pepstatin for 3 days lacked this activity. To investigate a possible relationship between inhibition of aspartic proteases and amyloidogenesis, mice were treated with pepstatin while concurrently undergoing a standard amyloid induction protocol (repeated casein injections). Pepstatin-treated mice showed amyloid deposition significantly sooner than the control group, which had received only casein. During the preamyloidotic phase, pepstatin-treated mice had higher concentrations of SAA in serum and spleen than control mice. In addition, clearance of injected 125I-labeled SAA from plasma was significantly delayed. Based on these findings, it is reasonable to postulate that inhibition of aspartic protease activity can lead to an accumulation of amino-terminally intact SAA molecules and thereby accelerate amyloid fibril formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)901-907
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume157
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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