Accelerator beam data commissioning equipment and procedures

Report of the TG-106 of the Therapy Physics Committee of the AAPM

Indra J. Das, Chee Wai Cheng, Ronald J. Watts, Anders Ahnesjö, John Gibbons, X. Allen Li, Jessica Lowenstein, Raj K. Mitra, William E. Simon, Timothy C. Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

187 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For commissioning a linear accelerator for clinical use, medical physicists are faced with many challenges including the need for precision, a variety of testing methods, data validation, the lack of standards, and time constraints. Since commissioning beam data are treated as a reference and ultimately used by treatment planning systems, it is vitally important that the collected data are of the highest quality to avoid dosimetric and patient treatment errors that may subsequently lead to a poor radiation outcome. Beam data commissioning should be performed with appropriate knowledge and proper tools and should be independent of the person collecting the data. To achieve this goal, Task Group 106 (TG-106) of the Therapy Physics Committee of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine was formed to review the practical aspects as well as the physics of linear accelerator commissioning. The report provides guidelines and recommendations on the proper selection of phantoms and detectors, setting up of a phantom for data acquisition (both scanning and no-scanning data), procedures for acquiring specific photon and electron beam parameters and methods to reduce measurement errors (<1%), beam data processing and detector size convolution for accurate profiles. The TG-106 also provides a brief discussion on the emerging trend in Monte Carlo simulation techniques in photon and electron beam commissioning. The procedures described in this report should assist a qualified medical physicist in either measuring a complete set of beam data, or in verifying a subset of data before initial use or for periodic quality assurance measurements. By combining practical experience with theoretical discussion, this document sets a new standard for beam data commissioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4186-4215
Number of pages30
JournalMedical Physics
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Physics
Group Psychotherapy
Equipment and Supplies
Particle Accelerators
Photons
Electrons
Medicine
Guidelines
Radiation
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Accelerator
  • Commissioning
  • Data acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

Cite this

Das, I. J., Cheng, C. W., Watts, R. J., Ahnesjö, A., Gibbons, J., Li, X. A., ... Zhu, T. C. (2008). Accelerator beam data commissioning equipment and procedures: Report of the TG-106 of the Therapy Physics Committee of the AAPM. Medical Physics, 35(9), 4186-4215. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.2969070

Accelerator beam data commissioning equipment and procedures : Report of the TG-106 of the Therapy Physics Committee of the AAPM. / Das, Indra J.; Cheng, Chee Wai; Watts, Ronald J.; Ahnesjö, Anders; Gibbons, John; Li, X. Allen; Lowenstein, Jessica; Mitra, Raj K.; Simon, William E.; Zhu, Timothy C.

In: Medical Physics, Vol. 35, No. 9, 2008, p. 4186-4215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Das, IJ, Cheng, CW, Watts, RJ, Ahnesjö, A, Gibbons, J, Li, XA, Lowenstein, J, Mitra, RK, Simon, WE & Zhu, TC 2008, 'Accelerator beam data commissioning equipment and procedures: Report of the TG-106 of the Therapy Physics Committee of the AAPM', Medical Physics, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 4186-4215. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.2969070
Das, Indra J. ; Cheng, Chee Wai ; Watts, Ronald J. ; Ahnesjö, Anders ; Gibbons, John ; Li, X. Allen ; Lowenstein, Jessica ; Mitra, Raj K. ; Simon, William E. ; Zhu, Timothy C. / Accelerator beam data commissioning equipment and procedures : Report of the TG-106 of the Therapy Physics Committee of the AAPM. In: Medical Physics. 2008 ; Vol. 35, No. 9. pp. 4186-4215.
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