Activation of human progelatinase A by collagenase and matrilysin: Activation of procollagenase by matrilysin

Qingxiang Amy Sang, M. Kirby Bodden, L. Jack Windsor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proteolytic and nonproteolytic methods were used to investigate the mechanism(s) by which human fibroblast progelatinase A and fibroblast-type procollagenase can be activated. Both collagenase and matrilysin were able to activate progelatinase A, resulting in an amino terminus in gelatinase A of Tyr.81 The cleavage occurred distal to Cys73 within the sequence of PRCGNPDVAN80-Y81NFFPRKP. While several nonproteolytic reagents were tested, only the heavy metal Hg(Π) and p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB) were able to induce activation of progelatinase A and resulted in the conversion of the latent 72-kDa gelatinase A to an active form of about 64.5 kDa. Matrilysin was also able to activate procollagenase and resulted in an amino terminus in collagenase of Phe.81 These results suggest that fibroblast-type collagenase and matrilysin may be physiologically relevant activators of progelatinase A; the maintenance of latency and the process of activation for progelatinase A may occur through the cysteine-switch mechanism, and the proteolytic activation of procollagenase by matrilysin resulted in the same amino terminus as produced by stromelysin-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-253
Number of pages11
JournalProtein Journal
Volume15
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Collagenase
  • Gelatinase A
  • Matrilysin
  • Matrix metalloproteinases
  • Zymogen activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Bioengineering

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