Activation of the Arp2/3 complex by N-WASp is required for actin polymerization and contraction in smooth muscle

Wenwu Zhang, Yidi Wu, Liping Du, Dale D. Tang, Susan Gunst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Contractile stimulation has been shown to initiate actin polymerization in smooth muscle tissues, and this actin polymerization is required for active tension development. We evaluated whether neuronal Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASp)-mediated activation of the actin-related proteins 2 and 3 (Arp2/3) complex regulates actin polymerization and tension development initiated by muscarinic stimulation in canine tracheal smooth muscle tissues. In vitro, the COOH-terminal CA domain of N-WASp acts as an inhibitor of N-WASp-mediated actin polymerization; whereas the COOH-terminal VCA domain of N-WASp is constitutively active and is sufficient by itself to catalyze actin polymerization. Plasmids encoding EGFP-tagged wild-type N-WASp, the N-WASp VCA and CA domains, or enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were introduced into tracheal smooth muscle strips by reversible permeabilization, and the tissues were incubated for 2 days to allow for expression of the proteins. Expression of the CA domain inhibited actin polymerization and tension development in response to ACh, whereas expression of the wild-type N-WASp, the VCA domain, or EGFP did not. The increase in myosin light-chain (MLC) phosphorylation in response to contractile stimulation was not affected by expression of either the CA or VCA domain of N-WASp. Stimulation of the tissues with ACh increased the association of the Arp2/3 complex with N-WASp, and this association was inhibited by expression of the CA domain. The results demonstrate that 1) N-WASp-mediated activation of the Arp2/3 complex is necessary for actin polymerization and tension development in response to muscarinic stimulation in tracheal smooth muscle and 2) these effects are independent of the regulation of MLC phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume288
Issue number5 57-5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Fingerprint

Neuronal Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein
Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex
Polymerization
Smooth Muscle
Muscle
Actins
Chemical activation
Tissue
Myosin Light Chains
Phosphorylation
Cholinergic Agents
Association reactions
Muscles

Keywords

  • Actin-related protein
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Tracheal muscle
  • Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Activation of the Arp2/3 complex by N-WASp is required for actin polymerization and contraction in smooth muscle. / Zhang, Wenwu; Wu, Yidi; Du, Liping; Tang, Dale D.; Gunst, Susan.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 288, No. 5 57-5, 05.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Contractile stimulation has been shown to initiate actin polymerization in smooth muscle tissues, and this actin polymerization is required for active tension development. We evaluated whether neuronal Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASp)-mediated activation of the actin-related proteins 2 and 3 (Arp2/3) complex regulates actin polymerization and tension development initiated by muscarinic stimulation in canine tracheal smooth muscle tissues. In vitro, the COOH-terminal CA domain of N-WASp acts as an inhibitor of N-WASp-mediated actin polymerization; whereas the COOH-terminal VCA domain of N-WASp is constitutively active and is sufficient by itself to catalyze actin polymerization. Plasmids encoding EGFP-tagged wild-type N-WASp, the N-WASp VCA and CA domains, or enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were introduced into tracheal smooth muscle strips by reversible permeabilization, and the tissues were incubated for 2 days to allow for expression of the proteins. Expression of the CA domain inhibited actin polymerization and tension development in response to ACh, whereas expression of the wild-type N-WASp, the VCA domain, or EGFP did not. The increase in myosin light-chain (MLC) phosphorylation in response to contractile stimulation was not affected by expression of either the CA or VCA domain of N-WASp. Stimulation of the tissues with ACh increased the association of the Arp2/3 complex with N-WASp, and this association was inhibited by expression of the CA domain. The results demonstrate that 1) N-WASp-mediated activation of the Arp2/3 complex is necessary for actin polymerization and tension development in response to muscarinic stimulation in tracheal smooth muscle and 2) these effects are independent of the regulation of MLC phosphorylation.",
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AU - Wu, Yidi

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N2 - Contractile stimulation has been shown to initiate actin polymerization in smooth muscle tissues, and this actin polymerization is required for active tension development. We evaluated whether neuronal Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASp)-mediated activation of the actin-related proteins 2 and 3 (Arp2/3) complex regulates actin polymerization and tension development initiated by muscarinic stimulation in canine tracheal smooth muscle tissues. In vitro, the COOH-terminal CA domain of N-WASp acts as an inhibitor of N-WASp-mediated actin polymerization; whereas the COOH-terminal VCA domain of N-WASp is constitutively active and is sufficient by itself to catalyze actin polymerization. Plasmids encoding EGFP-tagged wild-type N-WASp, the N-WASp VCA and CA domains, or enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were introduced into tracheal smooth muscle strips by reversible permeabilization, and the tissues were incubated for 2 days to allow for expression of the proteins. Expression of the CA domain inhibited actin polymerization and tension development in response to ACh, whereas expression of the wild-type N-WASp, the VCA domain, or EGFP did not. The increase in myosin light-chain (MLC) phosphorylation in response to contractile stimulation was not affected by expression of either the CA or VCA domain of N-WASp. Stimulation of the tissues with ACh increased the association of the Arp2/3 complex with N-WASp, and this association was inhibited by expression of the CA domain. The results demonstrate that 1) N-WASp-mediated activation of the Arp2/3 complex is necessary for actin polymerization and tension development in response to muscarinic stimulation in tracheal smooth muscle and 2) these effects are independent of the regulation of MLC phosphorylation.

AB - Contractile stimulation has been shown to initiate actin polymerization in smooth muscle tissues, and this actin polymerization is required for active tension development. We evaluated whether neuronal Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASp)-mediated activation of the actin-related proteins 2 and 3 (Arp2/3) complex regulates actin polymerization and tension development initiated by muscarinic stimulation in canine tracheal smooth muscle tissues. In vitro, the COOH-terminal CA domain of N-WASp acts as an inhibitor of N-WASp-mediated actin polymerization; whereas the COOH-terminal VCA domain of N-WASp is constitutively active and is sufficient by itself to catalyze actin polymerization. Plasmids encoding EGFP-tagged wild-type N-WASp, the N-WASp VCA and CA domains, or enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were introduced into tracheal smooth muscle strips by reversible permeabilization, and the tissues were incubated for 2 days to allow for expression of the proteins. Expression of the CA domain inhibited actin polymerization and tension development in response to ACh, whereas expression of the wild-type N-WASp, the VCA domain, or EGFP did not. The increase in myosin light-chain (MLC) phosphorylation in response to contractile stimulation was not affected by expression of either the CA or VCA domain of N-WASp. Stimulation of the tissues with ACh increased the association of the Arp2/3 complex with N-WASp, and this association was inhibited by expression of the CA domain. The results demonstrate that 1) N-WASp-mediated activation of the Arp2/3 complex is necessary for actin polymerization and tension development in response to muscarinic stimulation in tracheal smooth muscle and 2) these effects are independent of the regulation of MLC phosphorylation.

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KW - Cytoskeleton

KW - Tracheal muscle

KW - Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein

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