Active sonic hedgehog signaling between androgen independent human prostate cancer cells and normal/benign but not cancer-associated prostate stromal cells

Katsumi Shigemura, Wen Chin Huang, Xiangyan Li, Haiyen E. Zhau, Guodong Zhu, Akinobu Gotoh, Masato Fujisawa, Jingwu Xie, Fray F. Marshall, Leland W.K. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling plays a pivotal role in stromal-epithelial interaction during normal development but its role in tumor-stromal interaction during carcinogenic progression is less well defined. Since hormone refractory prostate cancer with bone metastasis is difficult to treat, it is crucial to investigate how androgen independent (AI) human prostate cancer cells communicate with their associated stroma. METHODS Shh and its target transcription factor, Gli1 mRNA, were assessed by RT-PCR and/or quantitative RT-PCR in co-cultured cell recombinants comprised of AI C4-2 either with NPF (prostate fibroblasts from normal/benign prostate gland) or CPF (cancer-associated stromal fibroblasts) under Shh/cyclopamine (a hedgehog signaling inhibitor) treatment. Human bone marrow stromal (HS27A) cells were used as controls. In vivo investigation was performed by checking serum PSA and immunohistochemical staining for the apoptosis-associated M30 gene in mice bearing chimeric C4-2/NPF tumors. RESULTS We found that (1) Shh has minimal growth-stimulating effects on prostate cancer cells, but it stimulated the growth of NPF but not CPF; (2) active Shh signaling was found between AI C4-2 cells and NPF but not CPF; and (3) osteonectin (ON) is a Gli1 target gene in NPF and not in CPF, and ON up-regulation in NPF can be blocked by cyclopamine CONCLUSIONS Based on co-culture and chimeric tumor models, active Shh-mediated signaling was demonstrated between AI prostate cancer and NPF in a paracrine- and tumor progression-dependent manner. Our study suggests that drugs like cyclopamine that interfere with Shh signaling could be beneficial in preventing AI progression in prostate cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1711-1722
Number of pages12
JournalProstate
Volume71
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Sonic hedgehog
  • androgen independent prostate cancer
  • bone marrow stroma
  • prostate stroma
  • tumor-stromal interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

Cite this

Shigemura, K., Huang, W. C., Li, X., Zhau, H. E., Zhu, G., Gotoh, A., Fujisawa, M., Xie, J., Marshall, F. F., & Chung, L. W. K. (2011). Active sonic hedgehog signaling between androgen independent human prostate cancer cells and normal/benign but not cancer-associated prostate stromal cells. Prostate, 71(16), 1711-1722. https://doi.org/10.1002/pros.21388