Acute meningitis is most often caused by bacteria or viruses. As soon as the diagnosis is suspected, and prior to head computed tomography and spinal fluid analysis, empiric therapy is initiated. An increasing number of polymerase chain reaction assays on cerebrospinal fluid are available, and this, in combination with serological assays, has greatly improved the ability to identify the meningeal pathogen. In this chapter, the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of acute meningitis are reviewed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||CONTINUUM Lifelong Learning in Neurology|
|State||Published - Apr 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology