Acute Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

A Multicenter Study

Investigators of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is common in pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients and has a high mortality. However, respiratory prognostic markers have not been adequately evaluated for this population. Our objectives are to assess respiratory support strategies and indices of oxygenation and ventilation in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation and investigate how these strategies are associated with mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter investigation. SETTING: Twelve U.S. pediatric centers. PATIENTS: Pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two-hundred twenty-two subjects were identified. PICU mortality was 60.4%. Nonsurvivors had higher peak oxygenation index (38.3 [21.3-57.6] vs 15.0 [7.0-30.7]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index (24.7 [13.8-38.7] vs 10.3 [4.6-21.6]; p < 0.0001), greater days with FIO2 greater than or equal to 0.6 (2.4 [1.0-8.5] vs 0.8 [0.3-1.6]; p < 0.0001), and more days with oxygenation index greater than 18 (1.4 [0-6.0] vs 0 [0-0.3]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index greater than 11 (2.0 [0.5-8.8] vs 0 [0-1.0]; p < 0.0001). Nonsurvivors had higher maximum peak inspiratory pressures (36.0 cm H2O [32.0-41.0 cm H2O] vs 30.0 cm H2O [27.0-35.0 cm H2O]; p < 0.0001) and more days with peak inspiratory pressure greater than 31 cm H2O (1.0 d [0-4.0 d] vs 0 d [0-1.0 d]; p < 0.0001). Tidal volume per kilogram was not different between survivors and nonsurvivors. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure in the PICU, impaired oxygenation and use of elevated ventilator pressures were common and associated with increased mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e967-e974
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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Cell Transplantation
Respiratory Insufficiency
Multicenter Studies
Pediatrics
Transplants
Mortality
Oxygen
Pressure
Tidal Volume
Mechanical Ventilators
Artificial Respiration
Ventilation
Survivors
Population
Transplant Recipients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Acute Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation : A Multicenter Study. / Investigators of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Network.

In: Critical care medicine, Vol. 46, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. e967-e974.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Investigators of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Network 2018, 'Acute Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Multicenter Study', Critical care medicine, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. e967-e974. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003277
Investigators of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Network. / Acute Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation : A Multicenter Study. In: Critical care medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 46, No. 10. pp. e967-e974.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is common in pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients and has a high mortality. However, respiratory prognostic markers have not been adequately evaluated for this population. Our objectives are to assess respiratory support strategies and indices of oxygenation and ventilation in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation and investigate how these strategies are associated with mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter investigation. SETTING: Twelve U.S. pediatric centers. PATIENTS: Pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two-hundred twenty-two subjects were identified. PICU mortality was 60.4{\%}. Nonsurvivors had higher peak oxygenation index (38.3 [21.3-57.6] vs 15.0 [7.0-30.7]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index (24.7 [13.8-38.7] vs 10.3 [4.6-21.6]; p < 0.0001), greater days with FIO2 greater than or equal to 0.6 (2.4 [1.0-8.5] vs 0.8 [0.3-1.6]; p < 0.0001), and more days with oxygenation index greater than 18 (1.4 [0-6.0] vs 0 [0-0.3]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index greater than 11 (2.0 [0.5-8.8] vs 0 [0-1.0]; p < 0.0001). Nonsurvivors had higher maximum peak inspiratory pressures (36.0 cm H2O [32.0-41.0 cm H2O] vs 30.0 cm H2O [27.0-35.0 cm H2O]; p < 0.0001) and more days with peak inspiratory pressure greater than 31 cm H2O (1.0 d [0-4.0 d] vs 0 d [0-1.0 d]; p < 0.0001). Tidal volume per kilogram was not different between survivors and nonsurvivors. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure in the PICU, impaired oxygenation and use of elevated ventilator pressures were common and associated with increased mortality.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

T2 - A Multicenter Study

AU - Investigators of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Network

AU - Rowan, Courtney M.

AU - McArthur, Jennifer

AU - Hsing, Deyin D.

AU - Gertz, Shira J.

AU - Smith, Lincoln S.

AU - Loomis, Ashley

AU - Fitzgerald, Julie C.

AU - Nitu, Mara

AU - Moser, Elizabeth A.S.

AU - Duncan, Christine N.

AU - Mahadeo, Kris M.

AU - Moffet, Jerelyn

AU - Hall, Mark W.

AU - Pinos, Emily L.

AU - Tamburro, Robert F.

AU - Cheifetz, Ira M.

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is common in pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients and has a high mortality. However, respiratory prognostic markers have not been adequately evaluated for this population. Our objectives are to assess respiratory support strategies and indices of oxygenation and ventilation in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation and investigate how these strategies are associated with mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter investigation. SETTING: Twelve U.S. pediatric centers. PATIENTS: Pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two-hundred twenty-two subjects were identified. PICU mortality was 60.4%. Nonsurvivors had higher peak oxygenation index (38.3 [21.3-57.6] vs 15.0 [7.0-30.7]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index (24.7 [13.8-38.7] vs 10.3 [4.6-21.6]; p < 0.0001), greater days with FIO2 greater than or equal to 0.6 (2.4 [1.0-8.5] vs 0.8 [0.3-1.6]; p < 0.0001), and more days with oxygenation index greater than 18 (1.4 [0-6.0] vs 0 [0-0.3]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index greater than 11 (2.0 [0.5-8.8] vs 0 [0-1.0]; p < 0.0001). Nonsurvivors had higher maximum peak inspiratory pressures (36.0 cm H2O [32.0-41.0 cm H2O] vs 30.0 cm H2O [27.0-35.0 cm H2O]; p < 0.0001) and more days with peak inspiratory pressure greater than 31 cm H2O (1.0 d [0-4.0 d] vs 0 d [0-1.0 d]; p < 0.0001). Tidal volume per kilogram was not different between survivors and nonsurvivors. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure in the PICU, impaired oxygenation and use of elevated ventilator pressures were common and associated with increased mortality.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is common in pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients and has a high mortality. However, respiratory prognostic markers have not been adequately evaluated for this population. Our objectives are to assess respiratory support strategies and indices of oxygenation and ventilation in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation and investigate how these strategies are associated with mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter investigation. SETTING: Twelve U.S. pediatric centers. PATIENTS: Pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two-hundred twenty-two subjects were identified. PICU mortality was 60.4%. Nonsurvivors had higher peak oxygenation index (38.3 [21.3-57.6] vs 15.0 [7.0-30.7]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index (24.7 [13.8-38.7] vs 10.3 [4.6-21.6]; p < 0.0001), greater days with FIO2 greater than or equal to 0.6 (2.4 [1.0-8.5] vs 0.8 [0.3-1.6]; p < 0.0001), and more days with oxygenation index greater than 18 (1.4 [0-6.0] vs 0 [0-0.3]; p < 0.0001) and oxygen saturation index greater than 11 (2.0 [0.5-8.8] vs 0 [0-1.0]; p < 0.0001). Nonsurvivors had higher maximum peak inspiratory pressures (36.0 cm H2O [32.0-41.0 cm H2O] vs 30.0 cm H2O [27.0-35.0 cm H2O]; p < 0.0001) and more days with peak inspiratory pressure greater than 31 cm H2O (1.0 d [0-4.0 d] vs 0 d [0-1.0 d]; p < 0.0001). Tidal volume per kilogram was not different between survivors and nonsurvivors. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with respiratory failure in the PICU, impaired oxygenation and use of elevated ventilator pressures were common and associated with increased mortality.

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DO - 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003277

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VL - 46

SP - e967-e974

JO - Critical Care Medicine

JF - Critical Care Medicine

SN - 0090-3493

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