Adipose tissue macrophages function as antigen-presenting cells and regulate adipose tissue cd4+ t cells in mice

David L. Morris, Kae Won Cho, Jennifer L. DelProposto, Kelsie E. Oatmen, Lynn M. Geletka, Gabriel Martinez-Santibanez, Kanakadurga Singer, Carey N. Lumeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

The proinflammatory activation of leukocytes in adipose tissue contributes to metabolic disease. How crosstalk between immune cells initiates and sustains adipose tissue inflammation remains an unresolved question. We have examined the hypothesis that adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) interact with and regulate the function of T cells. Dietary obesity was shown to activate the proliferation of effector memory CD4+ T cells in adipose tissue. Our studies further demonstrate that ATMs are functional antigen-presenting cells that promote the proliferation of interferon-g-producing CD4+ T cells in adipose tissue. ATMs from lean and obese visceral fat process and present major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-restricted antigens. ATMs were sufficient to promote proliferation and interferon-β production from antigen-specific CD4+ T cells in vitro and in vivo. Diet-induced obesity increased the expression of MHC II and T-cell costimulatory molecules on ATMs in visceral fat, which correlated with an induction of T-cell proliferation in that depot. Collectively, these data indicate that ATMs provide a functional link between the innate and adaptive immune systems within visceral fat in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2762-2772
Number of pages11
JournalDiabetes
Volume62
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Adipose tissue macrophages function as antigen-presenting cells and regulate adipose tissue cd4<sup>+</sup> t cells in mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Morris, D. L., Cho, K. W., DelProposto, J. L., Oatmen, K. E., Geletka, L. M., Martinez-Santibanez, G., Singer, K., & Lumeng, C. N. (2013). Adipose tissue macrophages function as antigen-presenting cells and regulate adipose tissue cd4+ t cells in mice. Diabetes, 62(8), 2762-2772. https://doi.org/10.2337/db12-1404