Adult satellite cells and embryonic muscle progenitors have distinct genetic requirements

Christoph Lepper, Simon Conway, Chen Ming Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

331 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myogenic potential, survival and expansion of mammalian muscle progenitors depend on the myogenic determinants Pax3 and Pax7 embryonically, and Pax7 alone perinatally. Several in vitro studies support the critical role of Pax7 in these functions of adult muscle stem cells (satellite cells), but a formal demonstration has been lacking in vivo. Here we show, through the application of inducible Cre/loxP lineage tracing and conditional gene inactivation to the tibialis anterior muscle regeneration paradigm, that, unexpectedly, when Pax7 is inactivated in adult mice, mutant satellite cells are not compromised in muscle regeneration, they can proliferate and reoccupy the sublaminal satellite niche, and they are able to support further regenerative processes. Dual adult inactivation of Pax3 and Pax7 also results in normal muscle regeneration. Multiple time points of gene inactivation reveal that Pax7 is only required up to the juvenile period when progenitor cells make the transition into quiescence. Furthermore, we demonstrate a cell-intrinsic difference between neonatal progenitor and adult satellite cells in their Pax7-dependency. Our finding of an age-dependent change in the genetic requirement for muscle stem cells cautions against inferring adult stem-cell biology from embryonic studies, and has direct implications for the use of stem cells from hosts of different ages in transplantation-based therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-631
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume460
Issue number7255
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 2009

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Myoblasts
Regeneration
Muscles
Adult Stem Cells
Stem Cells
Gene Silencing
Muscle Cells
Cell Biology
Transplantation
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Adult satellite cells and embryonic muscle progenitors have distinct genetic requirements. / Lepper, Christoph; Conway, Simon; Fan, Chen Ming.

In: Nature, Vol. 460, No. 7255, 30.07.2009, p. 627-631.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lepper, Christoph ; Conway, Simon ; Fan, Chen Ming. / Adult satellite cells and embryonic muscle progenitors have distinct genetic requirements. In: Nature. 2009 ; Vol. 460, No. 7255. pp. 627-631.
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