Background: As adolescents gain autonomy, it remains important for parents to be involved with diabetes management to avoid deterioration in glycemic control. Technologies for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) allow for remote monitoring in real-time by parents. This research compared 3 strategies for improving SMBG and diabetes self-care in the short-term. These strategies were: (1) health information technology (HIT)-enhanced blood glucose meter that shared blood glucose data among patients, their parent, and care providers, and allowed for text messaging; (2) family-centered goal setting; and (3) a combination of (1) and (2). Methods: One hundred twenty-eight participants enrolled; 97 adolescent-parent pairs attended clinic at 3-month intervals during the 6-month intervention. Differences between treatment groups were evaluated using analysis of variance (ANOVAs) for continuous variables and χ2 tests for frequencies. Within patient changes were evaluated using paired t tests. Results: Participants in the HIT-enhanced SMBG group had no change in mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Participants assigned to family-centered goal setting had a non-significant decrease in HbA1c of −0.3% (P =.26) from baseline to 6 months. Participants in the combined approach had a significant decrease in HbA1c of −0.6% (P =.02) from baseline to 3 months, but the decrease of −0.4% at 6 months was non-significant (P =.51). The change in HbA1c from baseline to 3 months was greater for the combined approach than for the HIT-enhanced SMBG (P =.05) or family-centered goal setting (P =.01). Conclusions: Our data suggest that utilizing the family-centered goal setting strategy when implementing HIT-enhanced diabetes technology deserves further study.
- blood glucose self-monitoring
- patient-centered care
- type 1 diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism