Age-associated memory impairment diagnoses

problems of reliability and concerns for terminology.

G. Smith, R. J. Ivnik, R. C. Petersen, J. F. Malec, E. Kokmen, E. Tangalos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective memory criteria for diagnosing age-associated memory impairment (AAMI), age-consistent memory impairment, and late-life forgetfulness (LLF) were applied to 523 cognitively normal older persons divided into 2 groups on the basis of the clinical memory assessment battery they received. Seventy-seven percent of Group 2 and 98% of Group 1 met the Crook et al. (1986) cognitive criteria for AAMI on at least 1 test. Rates based on individual tests varied from 7% to 96%. Objective-cognitive criteria for LLF were met by no members of Group 1 but by 31% of Group 2. Results suggest that, as proposed, the criteria for age-related diagnoses lack reliability. Concerns regarding the diagnosis of normal memory in older populations are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-558
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Smith, G., Ivnik, R. J., Petersen, R. C., Malec, J. F., Kokmen, E., & Tangalos, E. (1991). Age-associated memory impairment diagnoses: problems of reliability and concerns for terminology. Psychology and Aging, 6(4), 551-558. https://doi.org/10.1037//0882-7974.6.4.551

Age-associated memory impairment diagnoses : problems of reliability and concerns for terminology. / Smith, G.; Ivnik, R. J.; Petersen, R. C.; Malec, J. F.; Kokmen, E.; Tangalos, E.

In: Psychology and Aging, Vol. 6, No. 4, 12.1991, p. 551-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, G, Ivnik, RJ, Petersen, RC, Malec, JF, Kokmen, E & Tangalos, E 1991, 'Age-associated memory impairment diagnoses: problems of reliability and concerns for terminology.', Psychology and Aging, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 551-558. https://doi.org/10.1037//0882-7974.6.4.551
Smith, G. ; Ivnik, R. J. ; Petersen, R. C. ; Malec, J. F. ; Kokmen, E. ; Tangalos, E. / Age-associated memory impairment diagnoses : problems of reliability and concerns for terminology. In: Psychology and Aging. 1991 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 551-558.
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