Induction of alloreactivity in human adult and umbilical cord blood T cells was evaluated in mixed leukocyte culture by exposure to an allogeneic lymphoblastoid line that expresses known costimulatory molecules. Initial exposure to alloantigen-presenting cells (allo-APC) induced strong proliferative responses in both adult and cord blood T cells. However, in contrast to adult T cells, cord blood T cells exhibited little proliferation after restimulation with donor APC. Primed cord blood T cells could respond to interleukin 2 (IL-2), but unresponsiveness to alloantigen was not overcome by addition of exogenous IL-2. Unresponsiveness was long-lasting and appeared to be maintained by a combination of induction of anergy and activity of CD8+ suppressor cells. This information may contribute to use of human cord blood as an allogeneic source of transplantable stem cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 14 1995|
- T lymphocytes
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